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Anti-Mouse CD11b APC 200 ug antibody

RRID:AB_469344

Antibody ID

AB_469344

Target Antigen

Mouse CD11b APC 200 ug mouse

Proper Citation

(Thermo Fisher Scientific Cat# 17-0112-83, RRID:AB_469344)

Clonality

monoclonal antibody

Comments

Applications: Flow (0.125 µg/test)

Clone ID

Clone M1/70

Host Organism

rat

Vendor

Thermo Fisher Scientific Go To Vendor

Cat Num

17-0112-83

Aerobic Glycolysis Controls Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells and Tumor Immunity via a Specific CEBPB Isoform in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

  • Li W
  • Cell Metab.
  • 2018 Jul 3

Literature context:


Abstract:

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) inhibit anti-tumor immunity. Aerobic glycolysis is a hallmark of cancer. However, the link between MDSCs and glycolysis is unknown in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Here, we detect abundant glycolytic activities in human TNBC. In two TNBC mouse models, 4T1 and Py8119, glycolysis restriction inhibits tumor granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) expression and reduces MDSCs. These are accompanied with enhanced T cell immunity, reduced tumor growth and metastasis, and prolonged mouse survival. Mechanistically, glycolysis restriction represses the expression of a specific CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (CEBPB) isoform, liver-enriched activator protein (LAP), via the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-ULK1 and autophagy pathways, whereas LAP controls G-CSF and GM-CSF expression to support MDSC development. Glycolytic signatures that include lactate dehydrogenase A correlate with high MDSCs and low T cells, and are associated with poor human TNBC outcome. Collectively, tumor glycolysis orchestrates a molecular network of the AMPK-ULK1, autophagy, and CEBPB pathways to affect MDSCs and maintain tumor immunosuppression.

Funding information:
  • Intramural NIH HHS - ZIA AR041159-02(United States)

Evidence for a Non-leptin System that Defends against Weight Gain in Overfeeding.

  • Ravussin Y
  • Cell Metab.
  • 2018 Jun 14

Literature context:


Abstract:

Weight is defended so that increases or decreases in body mass elicit responses that favor restoration of one's previous weight. While much is known about the signals that respond to weight loss and the central role that leptin plays, the lack of experimental systems studying the overfed state has meant little is known about pathways defending against weight gain. We developed a system to study this physiology and found that overfed mice defend against increased weight gain with graded anorexia but, unlike weight loss, this response is independent of circulating leptin concentration. In overfed mice that are unresponsive to orexigenic stimuli, adipose tissue is transcriptionally and immunologically distinct from fat of ad libitum-fed obese animals. These findings provide evidence that overfeeding-induced obesity alters adipose tissue and central responses in ways that are distinct from ad libitum obesity and activates a non-leptin system to defend against weight gain.

Funding information:
  • Intramural NIH HHS - (United States)
  • NHLBI NIH HHS - T32 HL007343()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - P30 DK026687()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - P30 DK063608()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R01 DK066525()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R01 DK101942()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - T32 DK007328()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - T32 DK007647()

Spred1 Safeguards Hematopoietic Homeostasis against Diet-Induced Systemic Stress.

  • Tadokoro Y
  • Cell Stem Cell
  • 2018 May 3

Literature context:


Abstract:

Stem cell self-renewal is critical for tissue homeostasis, and its dysregulation can lead to organ failure or tumorigenesis. While obesity can induce varied abnormalities in bone marrow components, it is unclear how diet might affect hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal. Here, we show that Spred1, a negative regulator of RAS-MAPK signaling, safeguards HSC homeostasis in animals fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Under steady-state conditions, Spred1 negatively regulates HSC self-renewal and fitness, in part through Rho kinase activity. Spred1 deficiency mitigates HSC failure induced by infection mimetics and prolongs HSC lifespan, but it does not initiate leukemogenesis due to compensatory upregulation of Spred2. In contrast, HFD induces ERK hyperactivation and aberrant self-renewal in Spred1-deficient HSCs, resulting in functional HSC failure, severe anemia, and myeloproliferative neoplasm-like disease. HFD-induced hematopoietic abnormalities are mediated partly through alterations to the gut microbiota. Together, these findings reveal that diet-induced stress disrupts fine-tuning of Spred1-mediated signals to govern HSC homeostasis.

Funding information:
  • Arthritis Research UK - 17522(United Kingdom)

Corticosterone Production during Repeated Social Defeat Causes Monocyte Mobilization from the Bone Marrow, Glucocorticoid Resistance, and Neurovascular Adhesion Molecule Expression.

  • Niraula A
  • J. Neurosci.
  • 2018 Feb 28

Literature context:


Abstract:

Repeated social defeat (RSD) stress promotes the release of bone marrow-derived monocytes into circulation that are recruited to the brain, where they augment neuroinflammation and cause prolonged anxiety-like behavior. Physiological stress activates the sympathetic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal gland (HPA) axis, and both of these systems play a role in the physiological, immunological, and behavioral responses to stress. The purpose of this study was to delineate the role of HPA activation and corticosterone production in the immunological responses to stress in male C57BL/6 mice. Here, surgical (adrenalectomy) and pharmacological (metyrapone) interventions were used to abrogate corticosterone signaling during stress. We report that both adrenalectomy and metyrapone attenuated the stress-induced release of monocytes into circulation. Neither intervention altered the production of monocytes during stress, but both interventions enhanced retention of these cells in the bone marrow. Consistent with this observation, adrenalectomy and metyrapone also prevented the stress-induced reduction of a key retention factor, CXCL12, in the bone marrow. Corticosterone depletion with metyrapone also abrogated the stress-induced glucocorticoid resistance of myeloid cells. In the brain, these corticosterone-associated interventions attenuated stress-induced microglial remodeling, neurovascular expression of the adhesion molecule intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1, prevented monocyte accumulation and neuroinflammatory signaling. Overall, these results indicate that HPA activation and corticosterone production during repeated social defeat stress are critical for monocyte release into circulation, glucocorticoid resistance of myeloid cells, and enhanced neurovascular cell adhesion molecule expression.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Recent studies of stress have identified the presence of monocytes that show an exaggerated inflammatory response to immune challenge and are resistant to the suppressive effects of glucocorticoids. Increased presence of these proinflammatory monocytes has been implicated in neuropsychiatric symptoms and the development of chronic cardiovascular, autoimmune, and metabolic disorders. In the current study, we show novel evidence that corticosterone produced during stress enhances the release of proinflammatory monocytes from the bone marrow into circulation, augments their recruitment to the brain and the induction of a neuroinflammatory profile. Overproduction of corticosterone during stress is also the direct cause of glucocorticoid resistance, a key phenotype in individuals exposed to chronic stress. Inhibiting excess corticosterone production attenuates these inflammatory responses to stress.

Funding information:
  • NCI NIH HHS - R21 CA175560(United States)