X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

PE anti-mouse CD150 (SLAM) antibody

RRID:AB_313683

Antibody ID

AB_313683

Target Antigen

CD150 (SLAM) See NCBI gene mouse

Proper Citation

(BioLegend Cat# 115904, RRID:AB_313683)

Clonality

monoclonal antibody

Comments

Applications: FC

Clone ID

Clone TC15-12F12.2

Host Organism

rat

Spred1 Safeguards Hematopoietic Homeostasis against Diet-Induced Systemic Stress.

  • Tadokoro Y
  • Cell Stem Cell
  • 2018 May 3

Literature context:


Abstract:

Stem cell self-renewal is critical for tissue homeostasis, and its dysregulation can lead to organ failure or tumorigenesis. While obesity can induce varied abnormalities in bone marrow components, it is unclear how diet might affect hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal. Here, we show that Spred1, a negative regulator of RAS-MAPK signaling, safeguards HSC homeostasis in animals fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Under steady-state conditions, Spred1 negatively regulates HSC self-renewal and fitness, in part through Rho kinase activity. Spred1 deficiency mitigates HSC failure induced by infection mimetics and prolongs HSC lifespan, but it does not initiate leukemogenesis due to compensatory upregulation of Spred2. In contrast, HFD induces ERK hyperactivation and aberrant self-renewal in Spred1-deficient HSCs, resulting in functional HSC failure, severe anemia, and myeloproliferative neoplasm-like disease. HFD-induced hematopoietic abnormalities are mediated partly through alterations to the gut microbiota. Together, these findings reveal that diet-induced stress disrupts fine-tuning of Spred1-mediated signals to govern HSC homeostasis.

Funding information:
  • Arthritis Research UK - 17522(United Kingdom)

A Circular RNA Protects Dormant Hematopoietic Stem Cells from DNA Sensor cGAS-Mediated Exhaustion.

  • Xia P
  • Immunity
  • 2018 Apr 17

Literature context:


Abstract:

Disrupting the balance between self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) leads to bone marrow failure or hematologic malignancy. However, how HSCs sustain their quiescent state and avoid type I interferon (IFN)-mediated exhaustion remains elusive. Here we defined a circular RNA that we named cia-cGAS that was highly expressed in the nucleus of long-term (LT)-HSCs. Cia-cGAS deficiency in mice caused elevated expression of type I IFNs in bone marrow and led to decreased numbers of dormant LT-HSCs. Under homeostatic conditions, cia-cGAS bound DNA sensor cGAS in the nucleus to block its synthase activity, thereby protecting dormant LT-HSCs from cGAS-mediated exhaustion. Moreover, cia-cGAS harbored a stronger binding affinity to cGAS than self-DNA did and consequently suppressed cGAS-mediated production of type I IFNs in LT-HSCs. Our findings reveal a mechanism by which cia-cGAS inhibits nuclear cGAS by blocking its enzymatic activity and preventing cGAS from recognizing self-DNA to maintain host homeostasis.

Funding information:
  • NIAID NIH HHS - T32 AI060546(United States)

Lineage-Biased Hematopoietic Stem Cells Are Regulated by Distinct Niches.

  • Pinho S
  • Dev. Cell
  • 2018 Mar 12

Literature context:


Abstract:

The spatial localization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the bone marrow (BM) remains controversial, with some studies suggesting that they are maintained in homogeneously distributed niches while others have suggested the contributions of distinct niche structures. Subsets of quiescent HSCs have been reported to associate with megakaryocytes (MK) or arterioles in the BM. However, these HSC subsets have not been prospectively defined. Here, we show that platelet and myeloid-biased HSCs, marked by von Willebrand factor (vWF) expression, are highly enriched in MK niches. Depletion of MK selectively expands vWF+ HSCs, whereas the depletion of NG2+ arteriolar niche cells selectively depletes vWF- lymphoid-biased HSCs. In addition, MK depletion compromises vWF+ HSC function by reducing their long-term self-renewal capacity and eliminating their lineage bias after transplantation. These studies demonstrate the existence of two spatially and functionally separate BM niches for HSC subsets with distinct developmental potential.

Funding information:
  • Cancer Research UK - 089009(United Kingdom)
  • NHLBI NIH HHS - R01 HL097819()
  • NHLBI NIH HHS - R01 HL116340()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R01 DK056638()
  • NIGMS NIH HHS - T32 GM007288()

CD150high Bone Marrow Tregs Maintain Hematopoietic Stem Cell Quiescence and Immune Privilege via Adenosine.

  • Hirata Y
  • Cell Stem Cell
  • 2018 Mar 1

Literature context:


Abstract:

A crucial player in immune regulation, FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are drawing attention for their heterogeneity and noncanonical functions. Here, we describe a Treg subpopulation that controls hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) quiescence and engraftment. These Tregs highly expressed an HSC marker, CD150, and localized within the HSC niche in the bone marrow (BM). Specific reduction of BM Tregs achieved by conditional deletion of CXCR4 in Tregs increased HSC numbers in the BM. Adenosine generated via the CD39 cell surface ectoenzyme on niche Tregs protected HSCs from oxidative stress and maintained HSC quiescence. In transplantation settings, niche Tregs prevented allogeneic (allo-) HSC rejection through adenosine and facilitated allo-HSC engraftment. Furthermore, transfer of niche Tregs promoted allo-HSC engraftment to a much greater extent than transfer of other Tregs. These results identify a unique niche-associated Treg subset and adenosine as regulators of HSC quiescence, abundance, and engraftment, further highlighting their therapeutic utility.

Funding information:
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R01 DK051665(United States)