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SOCS1 (A156) Antibody

RRID:AB_2192983

Antibody ID

AB_2192983

Target Antigen

SOCS1 (A156) h, m, r, mk, human, mouse, non-human primate, rat

Proper Citation

(Cell Signaling Technology Cat# 3950, RRID:AB_2192983)

Clonality

polyclonal antibody

Comments

Applications: W

Host Organism

rabbit

Vendor

Cell Signaling Technology

Cat Num

3950 also 3950S

Publications that use this research resource

In vivo inhibition of miR-155 significantly alters post-stroke inflammatory response.

  • Pena-Philippides JC
  • J Neuroinflammation
  • 2016 Nov 9

Literature context:


Abstract:

BACKGROUND: MicroRNA miR-155 is implicated in modulation of the inflammatory processes in various pathological conditions. In our previous studies, we demonstrated that in vivo inhibition of miR-155 promotes functional recovery after mouse experimental stroke. In the present study, we explored if this beneficial effect is associated with miR-155 inhibition-induced alterations in post-stroke inflammatory response. METHODS: Intravenous injections of a specific miR-155 inhibitor were initiated at 48 h after mouse distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAO). Temporal changes in the expression of cytokines and key molecules associated with cytokine signaling were assessed at 7, 14, and 21 days after dMCAO, using mouse cytokine gene and protein arrays and Western blot analyses. Electron and immunofluorescence confocal microscopy techniques were used to evaluate the ultrastructural changes, as well as altered expression of specific phenotypic markers, at different time points after dMCAO. RESULTS: In the inhibitor-injected mice (inhibitor group), there was a significant decrease in CCL12 and CXCL3 cytokine expression at 7 days and significantly increased levels of major cytokines IL-10, IL-4, IL-6, MIP-1α, IL-5, and IL-17 at 14 days after dMCAO. These temporal changes correlated with altered expression of miR-155 target proteins SOCS-1, SHIP-1, and C/EBP-β and phosphorylation levels of cytokine signaling regulator STAT-3. Electron microscopy showed decreased number of phagocytically active peri-vascular microglia/macrophages in the inhibitor samples. Immunofluorescence and Western blot of these samples demonstrated that expression of leukocyte/ macrophage marker CD45 and phagocytosis marker CD68 was reduced at 7 days, and in contrast, significantly increased at 14 days after dMCAO, as compared to controls. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our findings, we propose that in vivo miR-155 inhibition following mouse stroke significantly alters the time course of the expression of major cytokines and inflammation-associated molecules, which could influence inflammation process and tissue repair after experimental cerebral ischemia.

Growth hormone is necessary for the p53-mediated, obesity-induced insulin resistance in male C57BL/6J x CBA mice.

  • Bogazzi F
  • Endocrinology
  • 2013 Nov 21

Literature context:


Abstract:

Insulin resistance is a key marker of both obesity and GH excess. The purpose of the study was to assess the role of GH on p53-mediated insulin resistance of male mice with obesity due to a high-fat diet. C57BL/6J × CBA male mice fed on a high-fat diet (Obe) were studied; male mice fed a normal diet (Lean) or transgenic mice for bovine GH under the same genetic background (Acro) served as controls. The convergence of p53 and GH pathways was evaluated by Western blot. Obe mice had insulin resistance, which was sustained by a selective increased expression of p53 in adipose tissue. Normal insulin sensitivity was restored, and adipose p53 expression normalized when the GH pathway was blocked. Only the adipose p53 expression was sensitive to the GH blockage, which occurred through the p38 pathway. Adipose tissue of Obe mice had a coordinate overexpression of suppressors of cytokine signal 1-3 and signal transducers and activators of transcription-1, -3, and -5b, not different from that of Acro mice, suggesting an increased sensitivity of adipose tissue to GH. On the contrary, Lean mice were unaffected by changes of GH action. GH seems to be necessary for the increased adipose p53 expression and for insulin resistance of obese mice.

Funding information:
  • NHGRI NIH HHS - RM1 HG006193(United States)