X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Mouse CCR2 Phycoerythrin MAb (Clone 475301) antibody

RRID:AB_10718414

Antibody ID

AB_10718414

Target Antigen

Mouse CCR2 Phycoerythrin MAb (Clone 475301) mouse

Proper Citation

(R and D Systems Cat# FAB5538P, RRID:AB_10718414)

Clonality

monoclonal antibody

Comments

vendor recommendations: IgG2B Flow Cytometry; Flow Cytometry

Host Organism

rat

Vendor

R and D Systems

Cat Num

FAB5538P

Chrono-pharmacological Targeting of the CCL2-CCR2 Axis Ameliorates Atherosclerosis.

  • Winter C
  • Cell Metab.
  • 2018 Jul 3

Literature context:


Abstract:

Onset of cardiovascular complications as a consequence of atherosclerosis exhibits a circadian incidence with a peak in the morning hours. Although development of atherosclerosis extends for long periods of time through arterial leukocyte recruitment, we hypothesized that discrete diurnal invasion of the arterial wall could sustain atherogenic growth. Here, we show that myeloid cell recruitment to atherosclerotic lesions oscillates with a peak during the transition from the activity to the resting phase. This diurnal phenotype is regulated by rhythmic release of myeloid cell-derived CCL2, and blockade of its signaling abolished oscillatory leukocyte adhesion. In contrast, we show that myeloid cell adhesion to microvascular beds peaks during the early activity phase. Consequently, timed pharmacological CCR2 neutralization during the activity phase caused inhibition of atherosclerosis without disturbing microvascular recruitment. These findings demonstrate that chronic inflammation of large vessels feeds on rhythmic myeloid cell recruitment, and lay the foundation for chrono-pharmacology-based therapy.

Funding information:
  • NIEHS NIH HHS - P42 ES005948(United States)

Developmental Analysis of Bone Marrow Neutrophils Reveals Populations Specialized in Expansion, Trafficking, and Effector Functions.

  • Evrard M
  • Immunity
  • 2018 Feb 20

Literature context:


Abstract:

Neutrophils are specialized innate cells that require constant replenishment from proliferative bone marrow (BM) precursors as a result of their short half-life. Although it is established that neutrophils are derived from the granulocyte-macrophage progenitor (GMP), the differentiation pathways from GMP to functional mature neutrophils are poorly defined. Using mass cytometry (CyTOF) and cell-cycle-based analysis, we identified three neutrophil subsets within the BM: a committed proliferative neutrophil precursor (preNeu) which differentiates into non-proliferating immature neutrophils and mature neutrophils. Transcriptomic profiling and functional analysis revealed that preNeu require the C/EBPε transcription factor for their generation from the GMP, and their proliferative program is substituted by a gain of migratory and effector function as they mature. preNeus expand under microbial and tumoral stress, and immature neutrophils are recruited to the periphery of tumor-bearing mice. In summary, our study identifies specialized BM granulocytic populations that ensure supply under homeostasis and stress responses.

Funding information:
  • NICHD NIH HHS - L50 HD073094(United States)

BCG Educates Hematopoietic Stem Cells to Generate Protective Innate Immunity against Tuberculosis.

  • Kaufmann E
  • Cell
  • 2018 Jan 11

Literature context:


Abstract:

The dogma that adaptive immunity is the only arm of the immune response with memory capacity has been recently challenged by several studies demonstrating evidence for memory-like innate immune training. However, the underlying mechanisms and location for generating such innate memory responses in vivo remain unknown. Here, we show that access of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) to the bone marrow (BM) changes the transcriptional landscape of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and multipotent progenitors (MPPs), leading to local cell expansion and enhanced myelopoiesis at the expense of lymphopoiesis. Importantly, BCG-educated HSCs generate epigenetically modified macrophages that provide significantly better protection against virulent M. tuberculosis infection than naïve macrophages. By using parabiotic and chimeric mice, as well as adoptive transfer approaches, we demonstrate that training of the monocyte/macrophage lineage via BCG-induced HSC reprogramming is sustainable in vivo. Our results indicate that targeting the HSC compartment provides a novel approach for vaccine development.

White Adipose Tissue Is a Reservoir for Memory T Cells and Promotes Protective Memory Responses to Infection.

  • Han SJ
  • Immunity
  • 2017 Dec 19

Literature context:


Abstract:

White adipose tissue bridges body organs and plays a fundamental role in host metabolism. To what extent adipose tissue also contributes to immune surveillance and long-term protective defense remains largely unknown. Here, we have shown that at steady state, white adipose tissue contained abundant memory lymphocyte populations. After infection, white adipose tissue accumulated large numbers of pathogen-specific memory T cells, including tissue-resident cells. Memory T cells in white adipose tissue expressed a distinct metabolic profile, and white adipose tissue from previously infected mice was sufficient to protect uninfected mice from lethal pathogen challenge. Induction of recall responses within white adipose tissue was associated with the collapse of lipid metabolism in favor of antimicrobial responses. Our results suggest that white adipose tissue represents a memory T cell reservoir that provides potent and rapid effector memory responses, positioning this compartment as a potential major contributor to immunological memory.

Funding information:
  • Intramural NIH HHS - ZIA AI001132-06()
  • NIAID NIH HHS - R01 AI099222()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R01DK-069884(United States)

Dichotomous Expression of TNF Superfamily Ligands on Antigen-Presenting Cells Controls Post-priming Anti-viral CD4+ T Cell Immunity.

  • Chang YH
  • Immunity
  • 2017 Nov 21

Literature context:


Abstract:

T cell antigen-presenting cell (APC) interactions early during chronic viral infection are crucial for determining viral set point and disease outcome, but how and when different APC subtypes contribute to these outcomes is unclear. The TNF receptor superfamily (TNFRSF) member GITR is important for CD4+ T cell accumulation and control of chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). We found that type I interferon (IFN-I) induced TNFSF ligands GITRL, 4-1BBL, OX40L, and CD70 predominantly on monocyte-derived APCs and CD80 and CD86 predominantly on classical dendritic cells (cDCs). Mice with hypofunctional GITRL in Lyz2+ cells had decreased LCMV-specific CD4+ T cell accumulation and increased viral load. GITR signals in CD4+ T cells occurred after priming to upregulate OX40, CD25, and chemokine receptor CX3CR1. Thus IFN-I (signal 3) induced a post-priming checkpoint (signal 4) for CD4+ T cell accumulation, revealing a division of labor between cDCs and monocyte-derived APCs in regulating T cell expansion.

Funding information:
  • NIA NIH HHS - P01 AG017617(United States)

Granulocyte-Monocyte Progenitors and Monocyte-Dendritic Cell Progenitors Independently Produce Functionally Distinct Monocytes.

  • Yáñez A
  • Immunity
  • 2017 Nov 21

Literature context:


Abstract:

Granulocyte-monocyte progenitors (GMPs) and monocyte-dendritic cell progenitors (MDPs) produce monocytes during homeostasis and in response to increased demand during infection. Both progenitor populations are thought to derive from common myeloid progenitors (CMPs), and a hierarchical relationship (CMP-GMP-MDP-monocyte) is presumed to underlie monocyte differentiation. Here, however, we demonstrate that mouse MDPs arose from CMPs independently of GMPs, and that GMPs and MDPs produced monocytes via similar but distinct monocyte-committed progenitors. GMPs and MDPs yielded classical (Ly6Chi) monocytes with gene expression signatures that were defined by their origins and impacted their function. GMPs produced a subset of "neutrophil-like" monocytes, whereas MDPs gave rise to a subset of monocytes that yielded monocyte-derived dendritic cells. GMPs and MDPs were also independently mobilized to produce specific combinations of myeloid cell types following the injection of microbial components. Thus, the balance of GMP and MDP differentiation shapes the myeloid cell repertoire during homeostasis and following infection.

Funding information:
  • NINDS NIH HHS - K08 NS074194(United States)