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Pol II (H-224) antibody


Antibody ID


Target Antigen

Pol II (H-224) human, rat, mouse, rat, human

Proper Citation

(Santa Cruz Biotechnology Cat# sc-9001, RRID:AB_2268548)


polyclonal antibody


Discontinued: 2016; validation status unknown check with seller; recommendations: Immunofluorescence; ELISA; Immunohistochemistry; Western Blot; Immunocytochemistry; Immunoprecipitation; WB, IP, IF, IHC(P), ELISA

Host Organism



Santa Cruz Biotechnology

Cat Num


Publications that use this research resource

Cockayne's Syndrome A and B Proteins Regulate Transcription Arrest after Genotoxic Stress by Promoting ATF3 Degradation.

  • Epanchintsev A
  • Mol. Cell
  • 2017 Dec 21

Literature context:


Cockayne syndrome (CS) is caused by mutations in CSA and CSB. The CSA and CSB proteins have been linked to both promoting transcription-coupled repair and restoring transcription following DNA damage. We show that UV stress arrests transcription of approximately 70% of genes in CSA- or CSB-deficient cells due to the constitutive presence of ATF3 at CRE/ATF sites. We found that CSB, CSA/DDB1/CUL4A, and MDM2 were essential for ATF3 ubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome. ATF3 removal was concomitant with the recruitment of RNA polymerase II and the restart of transcription. Preventing ATF3 ubiquitination by mutating target lysines prevented recovery of transcription and increased cell death following UV treatment. Our data suggest that the coordinate action of CSA and CSB, as part of the ubiquitin/proteasome machinery, regulates the recruitment timing of DNA-binding factors and provide explanations about the mechanism of transcription arrest following genotoxic stress.

Funding information:
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R56DK088251(United States)

MLL/WDR5 Complex Regulates Kif2A Localization to Ensure Chromosome Congression and Proper Spindle Assembly during Mitosis.

  • Ali A
  • Dev. Cell
  • 2017 Jun 19

Literature context:


Mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL), along with multisubunit (WDR5, RbBP5, ASH2L, and DPY30) complex catalyzes the trimethylation of H3K4, leading to gene activation. Here, we characterize a chromatin-independent role for MLL during mitosis. MLL and WDR5 localize to the mitotic spindle apparatus, and loss of function of MLL complex by RNAi results in defects in chromosome congression and compromised spindle formation. We report interaction of MLL complex with several kinesin and dynein motors. We further show that the MLL complex associates with Kif2A, a member of the Kinesin-13 family of microtubule depolymerase, and regulates the spindle localization of Kif2A during mitosis. We have identified a conserved WDR5 interaction (Win) motif, so far unique to the MLL family, in Kif2A. The Win motif of Kif2A engages in direct interactions with WDR5 for its spindle localization. Our findings highlight a non-canonical mitotic function of MLL complex, which may have a direct impact on chromosomal stability, frequently compromised in cancer.

Diet Polyphenol Curcumin Stimulates Hepatic Fgf21 Production and Restores Its Sensitivity in High-Fat-Diet-Fed Male Mice.

  • Zeng K
  • Endocrinology
  • 2017 Feb 1

Literature context:


We found previously that short-term curcumin gavage stimulated mouse hepatic fibroblast growth factor 21 (Fgf21) expression. Here we conducted mechanistic exploration and investigated the potential pathophysiological relevance on this regulation. Fgf21 stimulation was observed at messenger RNA and protein levels in mice with daily curcumin gavage for 4 or 8 days and in primary hepatocytes with curcumin treatment. Using peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) agonist and antagonist, along with luciferase reporter and chromatin immune-precipitation approaches, we determined that curcumin stimulates Fgf21 transcription in a mechanism involving PPARα activation. High-fat diet (HFD) feeding also increased mouse hepatic and serum Fgf21 levels, whereas dietary curcumin intervention attenuated these increases. We found that HFD feeding reduced hepatic expression levels of genes that encode FGFR1 and βKlotho, PGC1α, and the targets of the PPARα-PGC1α axis, whereas concomitant curcumin intervention restored or partially restored their expression levels. Importantly, hepatocytes from HFD-fed mice showed a loss of response to FGF21 treatment on Erk phosphorylation and the expression of Egr1 and cFos; this response was restored in hepatocytes from HFD-fed mice with curcumin intervention. This investigation expanded our mechanistic understanding of the metabolic beneficial effects of dietary curcumin intervention involving the regulation of Fgf21 production and the attenuation of HFD-induced Fgf21 resistance.

Effect of Leptin Replacement on PCSK9 in ob/ob Mice and Female Lipodystrophic Patients.

  • Levenson AE
  • Endocrinology
  • 2016 Apr 2

Literature context:


Leptin treatment has beneficial effects on plasma lipids in patients with lipodystrophy, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) decreases low-density lipoprotein (LDL) clearance, promotes hypercholesterolemia, and has recently emerged as a novel therapeutic target. To determine the effect of leptin on PCSK9, we treated male and female ob/ob mice with leptin for 4 days via sc osmotic pumps (∼24 μg/d). Leptin reduced body weight and food intake in all mice, but the effects of leptin on plasma PCSK9 and lipids differed markedly between the sexes. In male mice, leptin suppressed PCSK9 but had no effect on plasma triglycerides or cholesterol. In female mice, leptin suppressed plasma triglycerides and cholesterol but had no effect on plasma PCSK9. In parallel, we treated female lipodystrophic patients (8 females, ages 5-23 y) with sc metreleptin injections (∼4.4 mg/d) for 4-6 months. In this case, leptin reduced plasma PCSK9 by 26% (298 ± 109 vs 221 ± 102 ng/mL; n = 8; P = .008), and the change in PCSK9 was correlated with a decrease in LDL cholesterol (r(2) = 0.564, P = .03). In summary, in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice, the effects of leptin on PCSK9 and plasma lipids appeared to be independent of one another and strongly modified by sex. On the other hand, in lipodystrophic females, leptin treatment reduced plasma PCSK9 in parallel with LDL cholesterol.

Funding information:
  • NCATS NIH HHS - UL1 TR001082(United States)