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Rat Anti-Mouse MAC-2 and Gal-3 (Galectin-3) Monoclonal antibody, Unconjugated, Clone m3/38


Antibody ID


Target Antigen

MAC-2/Gal-3 human, mouse

Proper Citation

(CEDARLANE Cat# CL8942AP, RRID:AB_10060357)


monoclonal antibody


Applications: F, IF, C, E, P, WB

Clone ID


Host Organism




Cat Num


Publications that use this research resource

Chrono-pharmacological Targeting of the CCL2-CCR2 Axis Ameliorates Atherosclerosis.

  • Winter C
  • Cell Metab.
  • 2018 Jul 3

Literature context:


Onset of cardiovascular complications as a consequence of atherosclerosis exhibits a circadian incidence with a peak in the morning hours. Although development of atherosclerosis extends for long periods of time through arterial leukocyte recruitment, we hypothesized that discrete diurnal invasion of the arterial wall could sustain atherogenic growth. Here, we show that myeloid cell recruitment to atherosclerotic lesions oscillates with a peak during the transition from the activity to the resting phase. This diurnal phenotype is regulated by rhythmic release of myeloid cell-derived CCL2, and blockade of its signaling abolished oscillatory leukocyte adhesion. In contrast, we show that myeloid cell adhesion to microvascular beds peaks during the early activity phase. Consequently, timed pharmacological CCR2 neutralization during the activity phase caused inhibition of atherosclerosis without disturbing microvascular recruitment. These findings demonstrate that chronic inflammation of large vessels feeds on rhythmic myeloid cell recruitment, and lay the foundation for chrono-pharmacology-based therapy.

Funding information:
  • NIEHS NIH HHS - P42 ES005948(United States)

Short-Term Versus Long-Term Effects of Adipocyte Toll-Like Receptor 4 Activation on Insulin Resistance in Male Mice.

  • Tao C
  • Endocrinology
  • 2017 May 1

Literature context:


Chronic exposure to high-saturated fat diets (HFDs) increases the prevalence of obesity and contributes to the development of low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance. A possible mediator accounting for obesity-associated inflammation and insulin resistance is Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). We investigated the role of adipocyte TLR4 in lipid and glucose homeostasis through an inducible, adipocyte-specific deletion of TLR4 in a mouse model that is referred to as the "Tadipo" mouse. Consistent with a critical role for inflammation as a positive force for healthy adipose tissue expansion, chronic HFD exposure results in exacerbated whole-body and muscle insulin resistance in the absence of TLR4 in the adipocyte. Elimination of TLR4 in adipocytes affects TLR4 expression in other tissues, with reduced TLR4 expression in peritoneal macrophages and in the liver. In contrast, TLR4 deletion from adipocytes protects whole-body insulin sensitivity after an acute lipid challenge during a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. Our results therefore demonstrate dichotomous effects of TLR4 on adipose tissue functionality, with an important positive role of TLR4 during a chronic HFD challenge due to the lack of adipose tissue remodeling and a negative role of TLR4 as a mediator of insulin resistance in the adipocyte during an acute challenge with saturated fatty acids.

Funding information:
  • NIA NIH HHS - P01 AG051459()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - F30 DK108534()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - K01 DK107788()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - P01 DK088761()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R00 DK094973()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R01 DK055758()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - R01 DK099110()
  • NIDDK NIH HHS - RL9 DK081180()

Cardiomyocyte and Vascular Smooth Muscle-Independent 11β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase 1 Amplifies Infarct Expansion, Hypertrophy, and the Development of Heart Failure After Myocardial Infarction in Male Mice.

  • White CI
  • Endocrinology
  • 2016 May 17

Literature context:


Global deficiency of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), an enzyme that regenerates glucocorticoids within cells, promotes angiogenesis, and reduces acute infarct expansion after myocardial infarction (MI), suggesting that 11β-HSD1 activity has an adverse influence on wound healing in the heart after MI. The present study investigated whether 11β-HSD1 deficiency could prevent the development of heart failure after MI and examined whether 11β-HSD1 deficiency in cardiomyocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells confers this protection. Male mice with global deficiency in 11β-HSD1, or with Hsd11b1 disruption in cardiac and vascular smooth muscle (via SM22α-Cre recombinase), underwent coronary artery ligation for induction of MI. Acute injury was equivalent in all groups. However, by 8 weeks after induction of MI, relative to C57Bl/6 wild type, globally 11β-HSD1-deficient mice had reduced infarct size (34.7 ± 2.1% left ventricle [LV] vs 44.0 ± 3.3% LV, P = .02), improved function (ejection fraction, 33.5 ± 2.5% vs 24.7 ± 2.5%, P = .03) and reduced ventricular dilation (LV end-diastolic volume, 0.17 ± 0.01 vs 0.21 ± 0.01 mL, P = .01). This was accompanied by a reduction in hypertrophy, pulmonary edema, and in the expression of genes encoding atrial natriuretic peptide and β-myosin heavy chain. None of these outcomes, nor promotion of periinfarct angiogenesis during infarct repair, were recapitulated when 11β-HSD1 deficiency was restricted to cardiac and vascular smooth muscle. 11β-HSD1 expressed in cells other than cardiomyocytes or vascular smooth muscle limits angiogenesis and promotes infarct expansion with adverse ventricular remodeling after MI. Early pharmacological inhibition of 11β-HSD1 may offer a new therapeutic approach to prevent heart failure associated with ischemic heart disease.

Funding information:
  • NICHD NIH HHS - NIH P30 HD003352(United States)

Impact of Reduced ATGL-Mediated Adipocyte Lipolysis on Obesity-Associated Insulin Resistance and Inflammation in Male Mice.

  • Schoiswohl G
  • Endocrinology
  • 2015 Oct 19

Literature context:


Emerging evidence suggests that impaired regulation of adipocyte lipolysis contributes to the proinflammatory immune cell infiltration of metabolic tissues in obesity, a process that is proposed to contribute to the development and exacerbation of insulin resistance. To test this hypothesis in vivo, we generated mice with adipocyte-specific deletion of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), the rate-limiting enzyme catalyzing triacylglycerol hydrolysis. In contrast to previous models, adiponectin-driven Cre expression was used for targeted ATGL deletion. The resulting adipocyte-specific ATGL knockout (AAKO) mice were then characterized for metabolic and immune phenotypes. Lean and diet-induced obese AAKO mice had reduced adipocyte lipolysis, serum lipids, systemic lipid oxidation, and expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha target genes in adipose tissue (AT) and liver. These changes did not increase overall body weight or fat mass in AAKO mice by 24 weeks of age, in part due to reduced expression of genes involved in lipid uptake, synthesis, and adipogenesis. Systemic glucose and insulin tolerance were improved in AAKO mice, primarily due to enhanced hepatic insulin signaling, which was accompanied by marked reduction in diet-induced hepatic steatosis as well as hepatic immune cell infiltration and activation. In contrast, although adipocyte ATGL deletion reduced AT immune cell infiltration in response to an acute lipolytic stimulus, it was not sufficient to ameliorate, and may even exacerbate, chronic inflammatory changes that occur in AT in response to diet-induced obesity.

Funding information:
  • NEI NIH HHS - R01 EY020533(United States)