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Identification of RNA binding motif proteins essential for cardiovascular development.

BMC developmental biology | Oct 19, 2011

BACKGROUND: We recently identified Rbm24 as a novel gene expressed during mouse cardiac development. Due to its tightly restricted and persistent expression from formation of the cardiac crescent onwards and later in forming vasculature we posited it to be a key player in cardiogenesis with additional roles in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. RESULTS: To determine the role of this gene in cardiac development, we have identified its zebrafish orthologs (rbm24a and rbm24b), and functionally evaluated them during zebrafish embryogenesis. Consistent with our underlying hypothesis, reduction in expression of either ortholog through injection of morpholino antisense oligonucleotides results in cardiogenic defects including cardiac looping and reduced circulation, leading to increasing pericardial edema over time. Additionally, morphant embryos for either ortholog display incompletely overlapping defects in the forming vasculature of the dorsal aorta (DA), posterior caudal vein (PCV) and caudal vein (CV) which are the first blood vessels to form in the embryo. Vasculogenesis and early angiogenesis in the trunk were similarly compromised in rbm24 morphant embryos at 48 hours post fertilization (hpf). Subsequent vascular maintenance was impaired in both rbm24 morphants with substantial vessel degradation noted at 72 hpf. CONCLUSION: Taken collectively, our functional data support the hypothesis that rbm24a and rbm24b are key developmental cardiac genes with unequal roles in cardiovascular formation.

Pubmed ID: 22011202 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Animals, Genetically Modified | Binding Sites | Cardiovascular System | Embryo, Nonmammalian | Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental | Morphogenesis | RNA | RNA-Binding Proteins | Zebrafish | Zebrafish Proteins

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ZFIN (Data, Gene Expression)

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Ensembl

A collection of genome databases for vertebrates and other eukaryotic species with DNA and protein sequence search capabilities. The goal of Ensembl is to automatically annotate the genome, integrate this annotation with other available biological data and make the data publicly available via the web. The range of available data has also expanded to include comparative genomics, variation and regulatory data. Ensembl allows users to: upload and analyze data and save it to an Ensembl account; search for a DNA or protein sequence using BLAST or BLAT; fetch desired data from the public database, using the Perl API; download the databases via FTP in FASTA, MySQL and other formats; and mine Ensembl with BioMart and export sequences or tables in text, HTML, or Excel format. The DNA sequences and assemblies used in the Ensembl genebuild are provided by various projects around the world. Ensembl has entered into an agreement with UCSC and NCBI with regard to sequence identifiers in order to improve consistency between the data provided by different genome browsers. The site also links to the Ensembl blog with updates on new species and sequences as they are added to the database.

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Primer3

Tool used to design PCR primers from DNA sequence - often in high-throughput genomics applications. It does everything from mispriming libraries to sequence quality data to the generation of internal oligos.

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