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RESEARCH RESOURCE IDENTIFIERS (RRIDs)
The Resource Identification Portal is not in the business of minting new identifiers. Whenever possible, the RRIDs it provides are based on existing identifiers from authoritative community databases and vendors for each resource type. To ensure their global uniqueness, RRIDs are prefixed to indicate the source of the identifier. For example, the "AB" prefix of the RRID AB_794454 indicates its provision by the Antibody Registry. This source prefix also helps researchers find key metadata located in resource repositories, vendor catalogs, or aggregation services. To avoid ambiguity where a resource has been assigned more than one identifier by different authorities, such IDs are cross-referenced in our system. For example, the fgf8a(ti282a/+)AB zebrafish strain has the identifier ZDB-GENO-070209-1 from the Zebrafish Information Network (ZFIN) model organism database, and ZL1030 from the Zebrafish International Resource Center (ZIRC) stock center. While our recommendations generally favor model organism communities such as ZFIN over supply centers such as ZIRC as the preferred sources of RRIDs, both are valid and used in the literature, and can be resolved to a single resource in our system.
RESEARCH RESOURCE CITATION GUIDELINES
RRIDs are provided in this portal as part of research resource citations (RRCs), which are pre-formatted snippets of text that can be copied directly into a publication. RRCs are comprised of an RRID plus additional metadata that is recommended to be included when citing a resource. The structure and content of these RRCs represent a standard for how resources should be cited in the literature to adequately document their identity and provenance. Below we review the key elements of research resource citations for antibodies, tools, and organisms, and the key attributes of these resources types that are critical to cite for their identification and re-use.
Commercial antibody RRCs provided here include a vendor name, catalog number, Lot number and an RRID that is derived from the Antibody Registry (ABR) authority:
DSHB Cat# RC2, lot# 123, RRID:AB_531887
While a vendor, catalog and lot number may be a sufficient for uniquely identifying most antibodies, an Antibody Registry identifier is useful in virtue of how antibodies are cataloged and distributed across vendors - which often results in a single antibody becoming associated with numerous catalog numbers. The Antibody Registry associates each unique antibody with a registry identifier that tracks with this reagent throughout its lifetime, no matter how its catalog number or vendor may change. We strive to provide this information, however antibody origins may be hidden by some vendors and this will cause the same antibody to have several RRIDs.
Lab-Sourced antibodies are also a target for inclusion in the registry, but we depend largely on users like you to register them. An submission portal currently resides here for any antibody (commercial or lab-sourced) not found in the registry database, which will return an identifier for immediate use and authors should expect an official answer from the antibodyregistry curators within 1 business day.
Cell line identifiers provided here include a standard name, the provider, the catalog or clone number and RRID based on a Cellosaurus identifier:
Software tool and database citations provided here include a standard tool name, the provider, a version number if available, and RRID based on a NIF SciCrunch Registry identifier:
CellProfiler Image Analysis Software, V2.0, RRID:SCR_007358
At present the recognized authority for software tools is the NIF SciCrunch Registry, which focuses largely on non-commercial tools, but as our content expands new sources of tools will be included. When a single tool is referenced with different identifiers in different sources, they will be cross-referenced in our system. A recommended name and the providing organization is also included in the RRC. This offers important provenance information which can be relevant for obtaining the resource, and for documenting any code modifications at in a particular implementation. Any tools that are not found in the Resource Identification Portal should be registered with the NIF SciCrunch Registry as a "General Resource" here, and an identifier will be supplied for use in your publication.
At present, the citation provided for organisms includes only an RRID that is derived from a model organism database authority:
If the organism was obtained from a supplier, the vendor and stock number should also be provided.
As noted above, when a single organism is referenced with different identifiers in different sources (e.g. ZFIN and ZIRC), they will be cross-referenced by the Model Organism Database (MOD) and often the stock center as well as our system. We leave it up to authors to document the organism name in their citation, as the names in this portal are not yet stable, and authors often prefer their own syntax or notations to be used in a publication. Our recommendation is for names of genetically modified organisms to specify their genotype according to nomenclature guidelines of each model organism authority listed below. Organisms that are not found in this portal or in their respective MOD should be registered with the proper authority, most of which will return an identifier within 24 hours. When necessary, citations reporting organisms in the absence of an identifier should include all known genotype-related information. This includes the genetic background and breeding history, as well as the sequence, genomic location, and zygosity of alterations and transgenic insertions.
Organism Authorities, Submission
The following model organism authorities provide identifiers used in constructing organism RRIDs.
To submit or name a new organism resource, follow the relevant submission and nomenclature links below.
Single Celled Organisms
Additional Model Organism Authorities (not current RRID providers)
Amoebae (D. discoideum): Dictybase Homepage
Chicken(Gallus gallus): Trans-NIH Gallus Initiative Homepage
Fission Yeast (S.pombe): Trans-NIH S. Pombe Initiative Homepage
Filamentous fungus (Neurospora): Trans-NIH Neurospora Initiative Homepage
Daphnia: Trans-NIH Daphnia Initiative Homepage
Addgene is a global, nonprofit repository that was created to help scientists share plasmids and accelerate research. Addgene plasmids are registered RRID items in the format of RRID:Addgene_####. To obtain an RRID for any plasmid you plan to share with the research community, please visit the plasmid deposit page to learn how you can share plasmids through Addgene.
To obtain an RRID for a cell line that is not currently found in the RRID portal please contact Cellosaurus, the authority on cell lines. Cellosaurus will take your information and generate an RRID for your cell line in 1-2 business days:
Do you wish to deposit a cell line?
The following bioresource centers distribute authenticated cell lines, following the ANSI standard for human cell line authentication. Some of these will also allow researchers to submit their cell lines. Please contact your local cell line stock center to deposit cell lines.