X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

RAT ANTI MOUSE CD11b antibody

RRID:AB_323167

Antibody ID

AB_323167

Target Antigen

Mouse CD11b human, mouse

Proper Citation

(Bio-Rad Cat# MCA711G, RRID:AB_323167)

Clonality

monoclonal antibody

Comments

manufacturer recommendations: Flow Cytometry; Immunohistochemistry; Immunoprecipitation; Immunohistology - Frozen, Immunoprecipitation, Flow Cytometry

Clone ID

Clone 5C6

Host Organism

rat

Vendor

Bio-Rad

Cat Num

MCA711G

Publications that use this research resource

Functional Divergence of Delta and Mu Opioid Receptor Organization in CNS Pain Circuits.

  • Wang D
  • Neuron
  • 2018 Apr 4

Literature context:


Abstract:

Cellular interactions between delta and mu opioid receptors (DORs and MORs), including heteromerization, are thought to regulate opioid analgesia. However, the identity of the nociceptive neurons in which such interactions could occur in vivo remains elusive. Here we show that DOR-MOR co-expression is limited to small populations of excitatory interneurons and projection neurons in the spinal cord dorsal horn and unexpectedly predominates in ventral horn motor circuits. Similarly, DOR-MOR co-expression is rare in parabrachial, amygdalar, and cortical brain regions processing nociceptive information. We further demonstrate that in the discrete DOR-MOR co-expressing nociceptive neurons, the two receptors internalize and function independently. Finally, conditional knockout experiments revealed that DORs selectively regulate mechanical pain by controlling the excitability of somatostatin-positive dorsal horn interneurons. Collectively, our results illuminate the functional organization of DORs and MORs in CNS pain circuits and reappraise the importance of DOR-MOR cellular interactions for developing novel opioid analgesics.

Funding information:
  • NCI NIH HHS - P30 CA042014(United States)

Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in microglia: the role of ceramide.

  • Scheiblich H
  • J. Neurochem.
  • 2017 Dec 7

Literature context:


Abstract:

Inflammation within the CNS is a major component of many neurodegenerative diseases. A characteristic feature is the generation of microglia-derived factors that play an essential role in the immune response. IL-1β is a pro-inflammatory cytokine released by activated microglia, able to exacerbate injury at elevated levels. In the presence of caspase-1, pro-IL-1β is cleaved to the mature cytokine following NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation. Growing evidence suggests that ceramide plays a critical role in NLRP3 inflammasome assembly, however, the relationship between ceramide and inflammasome activation in microglia remains unknown. Here, we investigated potential mechanistic links between ceramide as a modulator of NLRP3 inflammasome assembly and the resulting secretion of IL-1β using small bioactive enzyme stimulators and inhibitors of ceramide signaling in wild-type and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD knockout (ASC-/- ) primary microglia. To induce the expression of inflammasome components, microglia were primed prior to experiments. Treatment with sodium palmitate (PA) induced de novo ceramide synthesis via modulation of its synthesizing protein serine palmitoyl transferase resulting in increased IL-1β secretion in microglia. Exposure of microglia to the serine palmitoyl transferase-inhibitor l-cycloserine significantly prevented PA-induced IL-1β secretion. Application of the ceramide analogue C2 and the sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor agonist Fingolimod (FTY720) up-regulated levels of IL-1β and cleaved caspase-1 in wild-type microglia, whereas ASC-/- microglia were unaffected. HPA-12 inhibition of ceramide transport did not affect inflammasome activation. Taken together, our findings reveal a critical role for ceramide as a positive modulator of NLRP3 inflammasome assembly and the resulting release of IL-1β.

Targeting Interleukin-1β Protects from Aortic Aneurysms Induced by Disrupted Transforming Growth Factor β Signaling.

  • Da Ros F
  • Immunity
  • 2017 Nov 21

Literature context:


Abstract:

Aortic aneurysms are life-threatening conditions with effective treatments mainly limited to emergency surgery or trans-arterial endovascular stent grafts, thus calling for the identification of specific molecular targets. Genetic studies have highlighted controversial roles of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling in aneurysm development. Here, we report on aneurysms developing in adult mice after smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific inactivation of Smad4, an intracellular transducer of TGF-β. The results revealed that Smad4 inhibition activated interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in SMCs. This danger signal later recruited innate immunity in the adventitia through chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) and modified the mechanical properties of the aortic wall, thus favoring vessel dilation. SMC-specific Smad4 deletion in Il1r1- or Ccr2-null mice resulted in milder aortic pathology. A chronic treatment with anti-IL-1β antibody effectively hampered aneurysm development. These findings identify a mechanistic target for controlling the progression of aneurysms with compromised TGF-β signaling, such as those driven by SMAD4 mutations.

Funding information:
  • NINDS NIH HHS - R01 NS039600(United States)

Microglial response to light-induced photoreceptor degeneration in the mouse retina.

  • Santos AM
  • J. Comp. Neurol.
  • 2010 Feb 15

Literature context:


Abstract:

The microglial response elicited by degeneration of retinal photoreceptor cells was characterized in BALB/c mice exposed to bright light for 7 hours and then kept in complete darkness for survival times ranging from 0 hours to 10 days. Photodegeneration resulted in extensive cell death in the retina, mainly in the outer nuclear layer (ONL), where the photoreceptor nuclei are located. Specific immunolabeling of microglial cells with anti-CD11b, anti-CD45, anti-F4/80, anti-SRA, and anti-CD68 antibodies revealed that microglial cells were activated in light-exposed retinas. They migrated to the ONL, changed their morphology, becoming rounded cells with short and thick processes, and, finally, showed immunophenotypic changes. Specifically, retinal microglia began to strongly express antigens recognized by anti-CD11b, anti-CD45, and anti-F4/80, coincident with cell degeneration. In contrast, upregulation of the antigen recognized by anti-SRA was not detected by immunocytochemistry until 6 hours after light exposure. Differences were also observed at 10 days after light exposure: CD11b, CD45, and F4/80 continued to be strongly expressed in retinal microglia, whereas the expression of CD68 and SRA had decreased to near-normal values. Therefore, microglia did not return to their original state after photodegeneration and continued to show a degree of activation. The accumulation of activated microglial cells in affected regions simultaneously with photoreceptor degeneration suggests that they play some role in photodegeneration.

Funding information:
  • NEI NIH HHS - EY017095(United States)