Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Kv3.1b potassium channel antibody


Antibody ID


Target Antigen

Kv3.1b potassium channel null

Proper Citation

(UC Davis/NIH NeuroMab Facility Cat# 73-041, RRID:AB_10672409)


monoclonal antibody


Originating manufacturer of this product. Applications: IB, ICC, IHC, WB. Validation status: IF or IB (Pass), IB in brain (Pass), IHC in brain (Pass), KO (ND).

Clone ID


Host Organism



UC Davis/NIH NeuroMab Facility Go To Vendor

Cat Num


Quantitative proteomic profiling reveals novel region-specific markers in the adult mouse brain.

  • Dagley LF
  • Proteomics
  • 2014 Feb 4

Literature context:


Despite major advances in neuroscience, a comprehensive understanding of the structural and functional components of the adult brain compartments remains to be fully elucidated at a quantitative molecular level. Indeed, over half of the soluble- and membrane-annotated proteins are currently unmapped within online digital brain atlases. In this study, two complementary approaches were used to assess the unique repertoire of proteins enriched within select regions of the adult mouse CNS, including the brain stem, cerebellum, and remaining brain hemispheres. Of the 1200 proteins visualized by 2D-DIGE, approximately 150 (including cytosolic and membrane proteins) were found to exhibit statistically significant changes in relative abundance thus representing putative region-specific brain markers. In addition to using a high-precision (18) O-labeling strategy for the quantitative LC-MS/MS mapping of membrane proteins isolated from myelin-enriched fractions, we have identified over 1000 proteins that have yet to be described in any other mammalian myelin proteome. A comparison of our myelin proteome was made to an existing transcriptome database containing mRNA abundance profiles during oligodendrocyte differentiation and has confirmed statistically significant abundance changes for ∼500 of these newly mapped proteins, thus revealing new roles in oligodendrocyte and myelin biology. These data offer a resource for the neuroscience community studying the molecular basis for specialized neuronal activities in the CNS and myelin-related disorders. The MS proteomics data associated with this manuscript have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange Consortium with the dataset identifier PXD000327 (http://proteomecentral.proteomexchange.org/dataset/PXD000327).

Funding information:
  • NINDS NIH HHS - R01-NS060120(United States)

Glycan structures contain information for the spatial arrangement of glycoproteins in the plasma membrane.

  • Hall MK
  • PLoS ONE
  • 2013 Sep 16

Literature context:


Glycoconjugates at the cell surface are crucial for cells to communicate with each other and the extracellular microenvironment. While it is generally accepted that glycans are vectorial biopolymers, their information content is unclear. This report provides evidence that distinct N-glycan structures influence the spatial arrangement of two integral membrane glycoproteins, Kv3.1 and E-cadherin, at the adherent membrane which in turn alter cellular properties. Distinct N-glycan structures were generated by heterologous expression of these glycoproteins in parental and glycosylation mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell lines. Unlike the N-linked glycans, the O-linked glycans of the mutant cell lines are similar to those of the parental cell line. Western and lectin blots of total membranes and GFP immunopurified samples, combined with glycosidase digestion reactions, were employed to verify the glycoproteins had predominantly complex, oligomannose, and bisecting type N-glycans from Pro(-)5, Lec1, and Lec10B cell lines, respectively. Based on total internal reflection fluorescence and differential interference contrast microscopy techniques, and cellular assays of live parental and glycosylation mutant CHO cells, we propose that glycoproteins with complex, oligomannose or bisecting type N-glycans relay information for localization of glycoproteins to various regions of the plasma membrane in both a glycan-specific and protein-specific manner, and furthermore cell-cell interactions are required for deciphering much of this information. These distinct spatial arrangements also impact cell adhesion and migration. Our findings provide direct evidence that N-glycan structures of glycoproteins contribute significantly to the information content of cells.

Funding information:
  • NIAMS NIH HHS - R00 AR063228(United States)
  • NIBIB NIH HHS - EB006733(United States)

Spinocerebellar ataxia-13 Kv3.3 potassium channels: arginine-to-histidine mutations affect both functional and protein expression on the cell surface.

  • Zhao J
  • Biochem. J.
  • 2013 Sep 1

Literature context:


The voltage-gated potassium channel Kv3.3 is the causative gene of SCA13 (spinocerebellar ataxia type 13), an autosomal dominant neurological disorder. The four dominant mutations identified to date cause Kv3.3 channels to be non-functional or have altered gating properties in Xenopus oocytes. In the present paper, we report that SCA13 mutations affect functional as well as protein expression of Kv3.3 channels in a mammalian cell line. The reduced protein level of SCA13 mutants is caused by a shorter protein half-life, and blocking the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway increases the total protein of SCA13 mutants more than wild-type. SCA13 mutated amino acids are highly conserved, and the side chains of these residues play a critical role in the stable expression of Kv3.3 proteins. In addition, we show that mutant Kv3.3 protein levels could be partially rescued by treatment with the chemical chaperone TMAO (trimethylamine N-oxide) and to a lesser extent with co-expression of Kv3.1b. Thus our results suggest that amino acid side chains of SCA13 positions affect the protein half-life and/or function of Kv3.3, and the adverse effect on protein expression cannot be fully rescued.

Funding information:
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research - 69153(Canada)

Kinesin I transports tetramerized Kv3 channels through the axon initial segment via direct binding.

  • Xu M
  • J. Neurosci.
  • 2010 Nov 24

Literature context:


Precise targeting of various voltage-gated ion channels to proper membrane domains is crucial for their distinct roles in neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission. How each channel protein is transported within the cytoplasm is poorly understood. Here, we report that KIF5/kinesin I transports Kv3.1 voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels through the axon initial segment (AIS) via direct binding. First, we have identified a novel interaction between Kv3.1 and KIF5, confirmed by immunoprecipitation from mouse brain lysates and by pull-down assays with exogenously expressed proteins. The interaction is mediated by a direct binding between the Kv3.1 N-terminal T1 domain and a conserved region in KIF5 tail domains, in which proper T1 tetramerization is crucial. Overexpression of this region of KIF5B markedly reduces axonal levels of Kv3.1bHA. In mature hippocampal neurons, endogenous Kv3.1b and KIF5 colocalize. Suppressing the endogenous KIF5B level by RNA interference significantly reduces the Kv3.1b axonal level. Furthermore, mutating the Zn(2+)-binding site within T1 markedly decreases channel axonal targeting and forward trafficking, likely through disrupting T1 tetramerization and hence eliminating the binding to KIF5 tail. The mutation also alters channel activity. Interestingly, coexpression of the YFP (yellow fluorescent protein)-tagged KIF5B assists dendritic Kv3.1a and even mutants with a faulty axonal targeting motif to penetrate the AIS. Finally, fluorescently tagged Kv3.1 channels colocalize and comove with KIF5B along axons revealed by two-color time-lapse imaging. Our findings suggest that the binding to KIF5 ensures properly assembled and functioning Kv3.1 channels to be transported into axons.

Funding information:
  • NIAID NIH HHS - U19 AI50864(United States)

Contribution of the delayed-rectifier potassium channel Kv2.1 to acute spinal cord injury in rats.

  • Song MY
  • BMB Rep
  • 2010 Nov 29

Literature context:


Recent studies have reported that delayed-rectifier Kv channels regulate apoptosis in the nervous system. Herein, we investigated changes in the expression of the delayed-rectifier Kv channels Kv1.2, Kv2.1, and Kv3.1 after acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. We performed RT-PCR analysis and found an increase in the level of Kv2.1 mRNA after SCI but no significant changes in the levels of Kv1.2 and Kv3.1 mRNA. Western blot analysis revealed that Kv2.1 protein levels rapidly decreased and then dramatically increased from 1 day, whereas Kv3.1b protein levels gradually and sharply decreased at 5 days. Kv1.2 protein levels did not change significantly. In addition, Kv2.1 clusters were disrupted in the plasma membranes of motor neurons after SCI. Interestingly, the expressional changes and translocation of Kv2.1 were consistent with the apoptotic changes on day 1. Therefore, these results suggest that Kv2.1 channels probably contribute to neuronal cell responses to SCI.

Funding information:
  • Medical Research Council - G9900837(United Kingdom)
  • NCRR NIH HHS - R01 RR07861(United States)

Fragile X mental retardation protein is required for rapid experience-dependent regulation of the potassium channel Kv3.1b.

  • Strumbos JG
  • J. Neurosci.
  • 2010 Aug 4

Literature context:


Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) is an RNA-binding protein that regulates synaptic plasticity by repressing translation of specific mRNAs. We found that FMRP binds mRNA encoding the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv3.1b in brainstem synaptosomes. To explore the regulation of Kv3.1b by FMRP, we investigated Kv3.1b immunoreactivity and potassium currents in the auditory brainstem sound localization circuit of male mice. The unique features of this circuit allowed us to control neuronal activity in vivo by exposing animals to high-frequency, amplitude-modulated stimuli, which elicit predictable and stereotyped patterns of input to the anterior ventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) and medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB). In wild-type (WT) animals, Kv3.1b is expressed along a tonotopic gradient in the MNTB, with highest levels in neurons at the medial, high-frequency end. At baseline, Fmr1(-/-) mice, which lack FMRP, displayed dramatically flattened tonotopicity in Kv3.1b immunoreactivity and K(+) currents relative to WT controls. Moreover, after 30 min of acoustic stimulation, levels of Kv3.1b immunoreactivity were significantly elevated in both the MNTB and AVCN of WT, but not Fmr1(-/-), mice. These results suggest that FMRP is necessary for maintenance of the gradient in Kv3.1b protein levels across the tonotopic axis of the MNTB, and are consistent with a role for FMRP as a repressor of protein translation. Using numerical simulations, we demonstrate that Kv3.1b tonotopicity may be required for accurate encoding of stimulus features such as modulation rate, and that disruption of this gradient, as occurs in Fmr1(-/-) animals, degrades processing of this information.

Funding information:
  • NIBIB NIH HHS - U54 EB005149-01(United States)

Distribution and role of Kv3.1b in neurons in the medial septum diagonal band complex.

  • Henderson Z
  • Neuroscience
  • 2010 Mar 31

Literature context:


The medial septum diagonal band complex (MS/DB) projects via cholinergic and GABAergic pathways to the hippocampus and plays a key role in the hippocampal theta rhythm. In the MS/DB we have previously described a population of fast spiking GABAergic neurons that contain parvalbumin and mediate theta frequency activity in vitro. The Kv3.1 potassium channel is a delayed rectifier channel that plays a major role in fast spiking neurons in the CNS, and has previously been localized in the MS/DB. To determine which cell types in the MS/DB express the Kv3.1b ion channel subunit, transgenic mice in which the expression of GABAergic and glutamate markers are associated with the expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP; GAD67-GFP and VGluT2-GFP mice, respectively) were used for immunofluorescence and axonal tract tracing. Electrophysiological studies were also carried out on rat MS/DB slices to examine the role of the Kv3.1 channel in theta frequency oscillations. The results for the MS/DB were as follows: (1) cholinergic cells did not express GFP in either GAD67-GFP or VGluT2-GFP mice, and there was GAD67 immunoreactivity in GFP-positive neurons in GAD67-GFP mice and in a small proportion (6%) of GFP-positive neurons in VGluT2-GFP mice. (2) Kv3.1b immunofluorescence was associated with the somata of GABAergic neurons, especially those that contained parvalbumin, and with a minority of glutamatergic neurons, but not with cholinergic neurons, and with GABAergic axonal terminal-like processes around certain GABAergic neurons. (3) Both Kv3.1b-positive and -negative GABAergic neurons were septo-hippocampal, and there was a minor projection to hippocampus from VGluT2-GFP neurons. (4) Kainate-induced theta oscillations in the MS/DB slice were potentiated rather than inhibited by the Kv3.1 blocker 4-aminopyridine, and this agent on its own produced theta frequency oscillations in MS/DB slices that were reduced by ionotropic glutamate and GABA receptor antagonists and abolished by low extracellular calcium. These studies confirm the presence of heterogeneous populations of septo-hippocampal neurons in the MS/DB, and suggest that presence of Kv3.1 in the GABAergic neurons does not contribute to theta activity through fast spiking properties, but possibly by the regulation of transmitter release from axonal terminals.

NMDAR-mediated EPSCs are maintained and accelerate in time course during maturation of mouse and rat auditory brainstem in vitro.

  • Steinert JR
  • J. Physiol. (Lond.)
  • 2010 Feb 1

Literature context:


NMDA receptors (NMDARs) mediate a slow EPSC at excitatory glutamatergic synapses throughout the brain. In many areas the magnitude of the NMDAR-mediated EPSC declines with development and is associated with changes in subunit composition, but the mature channel composition is often unknown. We have employed the calyx of Held terminal with its target, the principal neuron of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB), to examine the NMDAR-mediated EPSC during synapse maturation from P10 to P40. Our data show that the calyx has reached a mature state by around P18. The NMDAR-mediated EPSC amplitude (and dominant decay ) fell from around 5 nA (: 40-50 ms) at P10/11 to 0.3-0.5 nA (: 10-15 ms) by P18. The mature NMDAR-EPSC showed no sensitivity to ifenprodil, indicating lack of NR2B subunits, and no block by submicromolar concentrations of zinc, consistent with NR1-1b subunit expression. Additionally, from P11 to P18 there was a reduction in voltage-dependent block and the apparent dissociation constant for [Mg(2+)](o) (K(o)) changed from 7.5 to 14 mm. Quantitative PCR showed that the relative expression of NR2A and NR2C increased, while immunohistochemistry confirmed the presence of NR2A, NR2B and NR2C protein. Although the mature NMDAR-EPSC is small, it is well coupled to NO signalling, as indicated by DAR-4M imaging. We conclude that native mature NMDAR channels at the calyx of Held have a fast time course and reduced block by [Mg(2+)](o), consistent with dominance of NR2C subunits and functional exclusion of NR2B subunits. The pharmacology suggests a single channel type and we postulate that the mature NMDARs consist of heterotrimers of NR1-1b-NR2A-NR2C.

Ether-à-go-go-related gene K+ channels contribute to threshold excitability of mouse auditory brainstem neurons.

  • Hardman RM
  • J. Physiol. (Lond.)
  • 2009 Jun 1

Literature context:


The ionic basis of excitability requires identification and characterisation of expressed channels and their specific roles in native neurons. We have exploited principal neurons of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) as a model system for examining voltage-gated K(+) channels, because of their known function and simple morphology. Here we show that channels of the ether-à-go-go-related gene family (ERG, Kv11; encoded by kcnh) complement Kv1 channels in regulating neuronal excitability around threshold voltages. Using whole-cell patch clamp from brainstem slices, the selective ERG antagonist E-4031 reduced action potential (AP) threshold and increased firing on depolarisation. In P12 mice, under voltage-clamp with elevated [K(+)](o) (20 mm), a slowly deactivating current was blocked by E-4031 or terfenadine (V(0.5,act) = -58.4 +/- 0.9 mV, V(0.5,inact) = -76.1 +/- 3.6 mV). Deactivation followed a double exponential time course (tau(slow) = 113.8 +/- 6.9 ms, tau(fast) = 33.2 +/- 3.8 ms at -110 mV, tau(fast) 46% peak amplitude). In P25 mice, deactivation was best fitted by a single exponential (tau(fast) = 46.8 +/- 5.8 ms at -110 mV). Quantitative RT-PCR showed that ERG1 and ERG3 were the predominant mRNAs and immunohistochemistry showed expression as somatic plasma membrane puncta on principal neurons. We conclude that ERG currents complement Kv1 currents in limiting AP firing at around threshold; ERG may have a particular role during periods of high activity when [K(+)](o) is elevated. These ERG currents suggest a potential link between auditory hyperexcitability and acoustic startle triggering of cardiac events in familial LQT2.

Nitric oxide is a volume transmitter regulating postsynaptic excitability at a glutamatergic synapse.

  • Steinert JR
  • Neuron
  • 2008 Nov 26

Literature context:


Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is broadly expressed in the brain and associated with synaptic plasticity through NMDAR-mediated calcium influx. However, its physiological activation and the mechanisms by which nitric oxide (NO) influences synaptic transmission have proved elusive. Here, we exploit the unique input-specificity of the calyx of Held to characterize NO modulation at this glutamatergic synapse in the auditory pathway. NO is generated in an activity-dependent manner by MNTB principal neurons receiving a calyceal synaptic input. It acts in the target neuron and adjacent inactive neurons to modulate excitability and synaptic efficacy, inhibiting postsynaptic Kv3 potassium currents (via phosphorylation), reducing EPSCs and so increasing action potential duration and reducing transmission fidelity. We conclude that NO serves as a volume transmitter and slow dynamic modulator, integrating spontaneous and evoked neuronal firing, thereby providing an index of global activity and regulating information transmission across a population of active and inactive neurons.