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A large database of CATH protein domain assignments for ENSEMBL genomes and Uniprot sequences. Gene3D is a resource of form studying proteins and the component domains. Gene3D takes CATH domains from Protein Databank (PDB) structures and assigns them to the millions of protein sequences with no PDB structures using Hidden Markov models. Assigning a CATH superfamily to a region of a protein sequence gives information on the gross 3D structure of that region of the protein. CATH superfamilies have a limited set of functions and so the domain assignment provides some functional insights. Furthermore most proteins have several different domains in a specific order, so looking for proteins with a similar domain organization provides further functional insights. Strict confidence cut-offs are used to ensure the reliability of the domain assignments. Gene3D imports functional information from sources such as UNIPROT, and KEGG. They also import experimental datasets on request to help researchers integrate there data with the corpus of the literature. The website allows users to view descriptions for both single proteins and genes and large protein sets, such as superfamilies or genomes. Subsets can then be selected for detailed investigation or associated functions and interactions can be used to expand explorations to new proteins. The Gene3D web services provide programmatic access to the CATH-Gene3D annotation resources and in-house software tools. These services include Gene3DScan for identifying structural domains within protein sequences, access to pre-calculated annotations for the major sequence databases, and linked functional annotation from UniProt, GO and KEGG.

URL: http://gene3d.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/Gene3D/

Resource ID: nif-0000-02877     Resource Type: Resource     Version: Latest Version


protein domain, protein, protein superfamily, hidden markov model, structural domain, genome, sequence, domain assignments, protein structure




Gene3D - Structures assigned to Genomes

Funding Information

Wellcome Trust, European Union, FP6, ENFIN, NIH, LSHG-CT-2003-503265, LSHG-CT-2004-512092, DE-AC02-065CH11357, LSHG-CT-2005-518254

Additional Resource Types

Web Service, Database, Data Repository



Parent Organization

Original Submitter


Version Status


Submitted On

12:00am September 21, 2010

Originated From


Changes from Previous Version

  • Description was changed
  • Additional Resource Types was changed

Version 2

Created 3 weeks ago by Christie Wang

Version 1

Created 5 years ago by Anonymous

Gene3D: merging structure and function for a Thousand genomes.

  • Lees J
  • Nucleic Acids Res.
  • 2010 22

Over the last 2 years the Gene3D resource has been significantly improved, and is now more accurate and with a much richer interactive display via the Gene3D website (http://gene3d.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/). Gene3D provides accurate structural domain family assignments for over 1100 genomes and nearly 10,000,000 proteins. A hidden Markov model library, constructed from the manually curated CATH structural domain hierarchy, is used to search UniProt, RefSeq and Ensembl protein sequences. The resulting matches are refined into simple multi-domain architectures using a recently developed in-house algorithm, DomainFinder 3 (available at: ftp://ftp.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/pub/gene3d_data/DomainFinder3/). The domain assignments are integrated with multiple external protein function descriptions (e.g. Gene Ontology and KEGG), structural annotations (e.g. coiled coils, disordered regions and sequence polymorphisms) and family resources (e.g. Pfam and eggNog) and displayed on the Gene3D website. The website allows users to view descriptions for both single proteins and genes and large protein sets, such as superfamilies or genomes. Subsets can then be selected for detailed investigation or associated functions and interactions can be used to expand explorations to new proteins. Gene3D also provides a set of services, including an interactive genome coverage graph visualizer, DAS annotation resources, sequence search facilities and SOAP services.

Gene3D: comprehensive structural and functional annotation of genomes.

  • Yeats C
  • Nucleic Acids Res.
  • 2008 15

Gene3D provides comprehensive structural and functional annotation of most available protein sequences, including the UniProt, RefSeq and Integr8 resources. The main structural annotation is generated through scanning these sequences against the CATH structural domain database profile-HMM library. CATH is a database of manually derived PDB-based structural domains, placed within a hierarchy reflecting topology, homology and conservation and is able to infer more ancient and divergent homology relationships than sequence-based approaches. This data is supplemented with Pfam-A, other non-domain structural predictions (i.e. coiled coils) and experimental data from UniProt. In order to enhance the investigations possible with this data, we have also incorporated a variety of protein annotation resources, including protein-protein interaction data, GO functional assignments, KEGG pathways, FUNCAT functional descriptions and links to microarray expression data. All of this data can be accessed through a newly re-designed website that has a focus on flexibility and clarity, with searches that can be restricted to a single genome or across the entire sequence database. Currently Gene3D contains over 3.5 million domain assignments for nearly 5 million proteins including 527 completed genomes. This is available at: http://gene3d.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/