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Consensus CDS

Database (anonymous FTP) resulting from a collaborative effort to identify a core set of human and mouse protein coding regions that are consistently annotated and of high quality. The long term goal is to support convergence towards a standard set of gene annotations. Collaborators are EBI, NCBI, UCSC, WTSI and the initial results are also available from the participants' genome browser Web sites. In addition, CCDS identifiers are indicated on the relevant NCBI RefSeq and Entrez Gene records and in Map Viewer displays of RNA (RefSeq) and Gene annotations on the reference assembly.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/CCDS/

Resource ID: nif-0000-02645     Resource Type: Resource     Version: Latest Version


human genome sequence, human protein, mouse genome sequence, mouse protein, protein coding region, gene, genome sequence, genome, sequence, gene annotation, protein, gold standard

Additional Resource Types



The community can contribute to this resource, Acknowledgement requested

Alternate IDs




Related To

Resource:NCBI Gene, Resource:HomoloGene, Resource:MapViewer, Resource:VEGA



Parent Organization


NCBI Consensus CDS protein set, CCDS Database, NCBI CCDS Database

Listed By


Alternate URLs



human, mouse

Original Submitter


Version Status


Submitted On

12:00am September 20, 2010

Originated From


Changes from Previous Version

First Version

Version 1

Created 5 years ago by Anonymous

Current status and new features of the Consensus Coding Sequence database.

  • Farrell CM
  • Nucleic Acids Res.
  • 2014 30

The Consensus Coding Sequence (CCDS) project (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/CCDS/) is a collaborative effort to maintain a dataset of protein-coding regions that are identically annotated on the human and mouse reference genome assemblies by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and Ensembl genome annotation pipelines. Identical annotations that pass quality assurance tests are tracked with a stable identifier (CCDS ID). Members of the collaboration, who are from NCBI, the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and the University of California Santa Cruz, provide coordinated and continuous review of the dataset to ensure high-quality CCDS representations. We describe here the current status and recent growth in the CCDS dataset, as well as recent changes to the CCDS web and FTP sites. These changes include more explicit reporting about the NCBI and Ensembl annotation releases being compared, new search and display options, the addition of biologically descriptive information and our approach to representing genes for which support evidence is incomplete. We also present a summary of recent and future curation targets.

Tracking and coordinating an international curation effort for the CCDS Project.

  • Harte RA
  • Database (Oxford)
  • 2012 21

The Consensus Coding Sequence (CCDS) collaboration involves curators at multiple centers with a goal of producing a conservative set of high quality, protein-coding region annotations for the human and mouse reference genome assemblies. The CCDS data set reflects a 'gold standard' definition of best supported protein annotations, and corresponding genes, which pass a standard series of quality assurance checks and are supported by manual curation. This data set supports use of genome annotation information by human and mouse researchers for effective experimental design, analysis and interpretation. The CCDS project consists of analysis of automated whole-genome annotation builds to identify identical CDS annotations, quality assurance testing and manual curation support. Identical CDS annotations are tracked with a CCDS identifier (ID) and any future change to the annotated CDS structure must be agreed upon by the collaborating members. CCDS curation guidelines were developed to address some aspects of curation in order to improve initial annotation consistency and to reduce time spent in discussing proposed annotation updates. Here, we present the current status of the CCDS database and details on our procedures to track and coordinate our efforts. We also present the relevant background and reasoning behind the curation standards that we have developed for CCDS database treatment of transcripts that are nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) candidates, for transcripts containing upstream open reading frames, for identifying the most likely translation start codons and for the annotation of readthrough transcripts. Examples are provided to illustrate the application of these guidelines. DATABASE URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/CCDS/CcdsBrowse.cgi.

The consensus coding sequence (CCDS) project: Identifying a common protein-coding gene set for the human and mouse genomes.

  • Pruitt KD
  • Genome Res.
  • 2009 2

Effective use of the human and mouse genomes requires reliable identification of genes and their products. Although multiple public resources provide annotation, different methods are used that can result in similar but not identical representation of genes, transcripts, and proteins. The collaborative consensus coding sequence (CCDS) project tracks identical protein annotations on the reference mouse and human genomes with a stable identifier (CCDS ID), and ensures that they are consistently represented on the NCBI, Ensembl, and UCSC Genome Browsers. Importantly, the project coordinates on manually reviewing inconsistent protein annotations between sites, as well as annotations for which new evidence suggests a revision is needed, to progressively converge on a complete protein-coding set for the human and mouse reference genomes, while maintaining a high standard of reliability and biological accuracy. To date, the project has identified 20,159 human and 17,707 mouse consensus coding regions from 17,052 human and 16,893 mouse genes. Three evaluation methods indicate that the entries in the CCDS set are highly likely to represent real proteins, more so than annotations from contributing groups not included in CCDS. The CCDS database thus centralizes the function of identifying well-supported, identically-annotated, protein-coding regions.