The Adenoma Polyp Tissue Bank (APTB) receives whole blood from patients enrolled in the Prevention of Sporadic Colorectal Adenomas with Celecoxib clinical trial. We have reached our accrual on blood submissions, so we will no longer be receiving blood specimens The objectives of this trial are as follows: A. To determine the efficacy and safety of celecoxib versus placebo in preventing the occurrence of newly detected colorectal adenomas in subjects at increased risk for colorectal carcinoma. In addition to incidence, other established risk factors will be evaluated for their association with occurrence of new colorectal adenomas, including cancer family history and adenoma size, histopathologic grade, multiplicity and location. Primary assessment of treatment efficacy will be the reduction in the number of subjects with adenomas at colonoscopy after Year 1 and Year 3 of study drug use. Secondary assessments of treatment efficacy will be 1) the number of adenomas 2) the histopathologic grade of adenomas and 3) the size of adenomas, also measured after one year and three years of study drug use. These factors will be incorporated into a risk model for predicting adenoma occurrence and response to celecoxib. B. To determine the efficacy of celecoxib versus placebo in modulating one or more of a panel of biomarkers for colorectal cancer at the cellular and molecular level sampled in a subset of subjects at selective sites at baseline and after Year 1 and Year 3 of study drug use. These biomarkers will include measurements of aberrant crypt foci (ACF), proliferation (index and crypt distribution), apoptosis (index and crypt distribution), COX expression and activity. If modulation of one or more mucosal biomarkers occur, we will explore whether it correlates with the development of incident colorectal neoplasia (adenomas/carcinomas), thereby attempting to validate the surrogacy of that biomarker. C. To develop a specimen bank. Serum and white blood cells are isolated from whole blood and adenoma tissue blocks and slides are banked. Banked specimens will become available for use in correlative science studies at a later point. This project began in 1999 and will be extended through 2006. The lead principal investigator is Monica M. Bertagnolli, MD, Brigham and Women''s Hospital, Boston, MA, and the APTB Director is Scott Jewell, Ph.D., Department of Pathology, The Ohio State University. The APTB is supported by the NIH, NCI Division of Cancer Prevention, in connection with the Strang Cancer Prevention Center, Cornell University, New York.
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blood, serum, white blood cell, adenoma tissue, tissue, whole blood, block, slide, colorectal adenoma, celecoxib, adenoma, cancer, colorectal cancer, clinical trial, polyp, risk factor
Sample type: Blood, Serum, White blood cell, Adenoma tissue, Whole blood, Tissue
One Mind Biospecimen Bank Listing, Biobank
APTB Specimen Bank
Additional Resource Types
Biomaterial Supply Resource
Public?: Banked specimens will become available for use in correlative science studies at a later point.
Increased risk for colorectal carcinoma
Created 2 months ago by Christie Wang
Created 3 years ago by Anonymous