We have updated our privacy policy. If you have any question, contact us at privacy@scicrunch.org. Dismiss and don't show again

Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Mammalian homologue of the Caenorhabditis elegans UNC-76 protein involved in axonal outgrowth is a protein kinase C zeta-interacting protein.

By the yeast two-hybrid screening of a rat brain cDNA library with the regulatory domain of protein kinase C zeta (PKCzeta) as a bait, we have cloned a gene coding for a novel PKCzeta-interacting protein homologous to the Caenorhabditis elegans UNC-76 protein involved in axonal outgrowth and fasciculation. The protein designated FEZ1 (fasciculation and elongation protein zeta-1) consisting of 393 amino acid residues shows a high Asp/Glu content and contains several regions predicted to form amphipathic helices. Northern blot analysis has revealed that FEZ1 mRNA is abundantly expressed in adult rat brain and throughout the developmental stages of mouse embryo. By the yeast two-hybrid assay with various deletion mutants of PKC, FEZ1 was shown to interact with the NH2-terminal variable region (V1) of PKCzeta and weakly with that of PKCepsilon. In the COS-7 cells coexpressing FEZ1 and PKCzeta, FEZ1 was present mainly in the plasma membrane, associating with PKCzeta and being phosphorylated. These results indicate that FEZ1 is a novel substrate of PKCzeta. When the constitutively active mutant of PKCzeta was used, FEZ1 was found in the cytoplasm of COS-7 cells. Upon treatment of the cells with a PKC inhibitor, staurosporin, FEZ1 was translocated from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane, suggesting that the cytoplasmic translocation of FEZ1 is directly regulated by the PKCzeta activity. Although expression of FEZ1 alone had no effect on PC12 cells, coexpression of FEZ1 and constitutively active PKCzeta stimulated the neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. Combined with the recent finding that a human FEZ1 protein is able to complement the function of UNC-76 necessary for normal axonal bundling and elongation within axon bundles in the nematode, these results suggest that FEZ1 plays a crucial role in the axon guidance machinery in mammals by interacting with PKCzeta.

Pubmed ID: 9971736 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing | Amino Acid Sequence | Animals | Axons | Binding Sites | COS Cells | Caenorhabditis elegans | Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins | Cell Differentiation | Cloning, Molecular | DNA, Complementary | DNA-Binding Proteins | Gene Expression | Genes, Tumor Suppressor | Humans | Mice | Molecular Sequence Data | Nerve Tissue Proteins | Neuropeptides | PC12 Cells | Protein Kinase C | RNA, Messenger | Rats | Saccharomyces cerevisiae | Sequence Homology, Amino Acid | Substrate Specificity | Tumor Suppressor Proteins

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants


Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.

Bio-Rad Laboratories

A commercial instrument and chemical vendor.


View all literature mentions


A commercial organization which provides assay technologies to isolate DNA, RNA, and proteins from any biological sample. Assay technologies are then used to make specific target biomolecules, such as the DNA of a specific virus, visible for subsequent analysis.


View all literature mentions