Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Targeted disruption of mouse long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase gene reveals crucial roles for fatty acid oxidation.

Abnormalities of fatty acid metabolism are recognized to play a significant role in human disease, but the mechanisms remain poorly understood. Long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD) catalyzes the initial step in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO). We produced a mouse model of LCAD deficiency with severely impaired FAO. Matings between LCAD +/- mice yielded an abnormally low number of LCAD +/- and -/- offspring, indicating frequent gestational loss. LCAD -/- mice that reached birth appeared normal, but had severely reduced fasting tolerance with hepatic and cardiac lipidosis, hypoglycemia, elevated serum free fatty acids, and nonketotic dicarboxylic aciduria. Approximately 10% of adult LCAD -/- males developed cardiomyopathy, and sudden death was observed in 4 of 75 LCAD -/- mice. These results demonstrate the crucial roles of mitochondrial FAO and LCAD in vivo.

Pubmed ID: 9861014


  • Kurtz DM
  • Rinaldo P
  • Rhead WJ
  • Tian L
  • Millington DS
  • Vockley J
  • Hamm DA
  • Brix AE
  • Lindsey JR
  • Pinkert CA
  • O'Brien WE
  • Wood PA


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

December 22, 1998

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P30CA-13148
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R01-DK45482
  • Agency: NCRR NIH HHS, Id: R01-RR02599

Mesh Terms

  • Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase, Long-Chain
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
  • Liver
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mitochondria, Liver
  • Muscle, Skeletal
  • Substrate Specificity