Comprehensive human genetic maps were constructed on the basis of nearly 1 million genotypes from eight CEPH families; they incorporated >8,000 short tandem-repeat polymorphisms (STRPs), primarily from Généthon, the Cooperative Human Linkage Center, the Utah Marker Development Group, and the Marshfield Medical Research Foundation. As part of the map building process, 0.08% of the genotypes that resulted in tight double recombinants and that largely, if not entirely, represent genotyping errors, mutations, or gene-conversion events were removed. The total female, male, and sex-averaged lengths of the final maps were 44, 27, and 35 morgans, respectively. Numerous (267) sets of STRPs were identified that represented the exact same loci yet were developed independently and had different primer pairs. The distributions of the total number of recombination events per gamete, among the eight mothers of the CEPH families, were significantly different, and this variation was not due to maternal age. The female:male ratio of genetic distance varied across individual chromosomes in a remarkably consistent fashion, with peaks at the centromeres of all metacentric chromosomes. The new linkage maps plus much additional information, including a query system for use in the construction of reliably ordered maps for selected subsets of markers, are available from the Marshfield Website.
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