Yta10p (Afg3p) and Yta12p (Rcal1p), members of the conserved AAA family of ATPases, are subunits of the mitochondrial m-AAA protease, an inner membrane ATP-dependent metallopeptidase. Deletion of YTA10 or YTA12 impairs degradation of non-assembled inner membrane proteins and assembly of respiratory chain complexes. Mutations of the proteolytic sites in either YTA10 or YTA12 have been shown to inhibit proteolysis of membrane-integrated polypeptides but not the respiratory competence of the cells, suggesting additional activities of Yta10p and Yta12p. Here we demonstrate essential proteolytic functions of the m-AAA protease in the biogenesis of the respiratory chain. Cells harbouring proteolytically inactive forms of both Yta10p and Yta12p are respiratory deficient and exhibit a pleiotropic phenotype similar to Deltayta10 and Deltayta12 cells. They show deficiencies in expression of the intron-containing mitochondrial genes COX1 and COB. Splicing of COX1 and COB transcripts is impaired in mitochondria lacking m-AAA protease, whilst transcription and translation can proceed in the absence of Yta10p or Yta12p. The function of the m-AAA protease appears to be confined to introns encoding mRNA maturases. Our results reveal an overlapping substrate specificity of the subunits of the m-AAA protease and explain the impaired assembly of respiratory chain complexes by defects in expression of intron-containing genes in mitochondria lacking m-AAA protease.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.