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A C-terminal motif found in the beta2-adrenergic receptor, P2Y1 receptor and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator determines binding to the Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor family of PDZ proteins.

The Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF) binds to the tail of the beta2-adrenergic receptor and plays a role in adrenergic regulation of Na+/H+ exchange. NHERF contains two PDZ domains, the first of which is required for its interaction with the beta2 receptor. Mutagenesis studies of the beta2 receptor tail revealed that the optimal C-terminal motif for binding to the first PDZ domain of NHERF is D-S/T-x-L, a motif distinct from those recognized by other PDZ domains. The first PDZ domain of NHERF-2, a protein that is 52% identical to NHERF and also known as E3KARP, SIP-1, and TKA-1, exhibits binding preferences very similar to those of the first PDZ domain of NHERF. The delineation of the preferred binding motif for the first PDZ domain of the NHERF family of proteins allows for predictions for other proteins that may interact with NHERF or NHERF-2. For example, as would be predicted from the beta2 receptor tail mutagenesis studies, NHERF binds to the tail of the purinergic P2Y1 receptor, a seven-transmembrane receptor with an intracellular C-terminal tail ending in D-T-S-L. NHERF also binds to the tail of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, which ends in D-T-R-L. Because the preferred binding motif of the first PDZ domain of the NHERF family of proteins is found at the C termini of a variety of intracellular proteins, NHERF and NHERF-2 may be multifunctional adaptor proteins involved in many previously unsuspected aspects of intracellular signaling.

Pubmed ID: 9671706


  • Hall RA
  • Ostedgaard LS
  • Premont RT
  • Blitzer JT
  • Rahman N
  • Welsh MJ
  • Lefkowitz RJ


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

July 21, 1998

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL16037
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL29851
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL42385

Mesh Terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
  • DNA Primers
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Protein Binding
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2Y1
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter