To investigate the biological consequences of aberrant BRCA2 protein during mammary carcinogenesis, we attempted to identify proteins that normally interact with BRCA2. By using a yeast two-hybrid system with a hybrid protein that contained residues 639-1,508 of BRCA2 protein fused to the GAL4 DNA-binding domain, we isolated five independent cDNA clones that encoded parts of RAD51 protein, a human homolog of bacterial RecA. In vitro experiments using anti-RAD51 antibody confirmed interaction of BRCA2 with RAD51. The RAD51-binding region of BRCA2 detected in the present study was distinct from the region reported recently. Further studies using smaller portions of BRCA2 defined at least two additional RAD51-binding domains, residues 982-1,066 and 1,139-1,266. Our results suggest that BRCA2 can interact with RAD51 through multiple sites of BRCA2 and that control of mitotic and meiotic recombination and/or of genomic integrity through binding to RAD51 may be a crucial mechanism by which BRCA2 suppresses abnormal proliferation of mammary cells.
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