The CDC34 gene of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a ubiquitin-conjugating protein that transfers ubiquitin onto substrates to signal rapid degradation via the proteasome. Cdc34p has been implicated in signaling the destruction of a variety of substrates including the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, Sic1p, which must be degraded for cells to enter S-phase. Mutants lacking CDC34 activity fail to degrade Sic1p and fail to enter S-phase, a phenotype that is also shared with cells lacking CDC4 and CDC53 activity. Here we demonstrate that Cdc4p, Cdc34p, and Cdc53p interact in vivo. We have mapped a Cdc4p/Cdc53p-binding region on Cdc34p; this region is essential for S-phase entry and thus the association of these three proteins is required for Sic1p degradation. All three proteins migrate in gel filtration to sizes that greatly exceed their actual size suggesting that they form stable associations with other proteins and we observe Cdc4p, Cdc34p, and Cdc53p fractionating into overlapping families of high molecular weight complexes. Finally, we demonstrate that Cdc4p, Cdc34p, and Cdc53p are stable throughout the cell cycle and that Cdc34p permanently resides as part of a complex throughout the cell cycle. This suggests that all Cdc34p substrates are ubiquitinated by a similar high molecular weight complex.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.