The human proteasomal subunit HsC8 induces ring formation of other alpha-type subunits.
The eukaryotic 20 S proteasome is a barrel-shaped protease complex, made up of four seven-membered rings. The outer and inner rings contain seven different alpha and beta-type subunits, respectively, each subunit located at a defined position. Recently, we have reported that the recombinant human alpha-type subunit C8 (HsC8) assembles into a heptameric ring-like structure by itself. In the present study we show that the two naturally neighboring alpha-type subunits of HsC8, HsPROS30 and HsPROS27, do not form ring-like complexes by themselves, but only dimers. This indicates that the propensity to form homo-oligomeric rings is not a general feature among human alpha-type subunits. However, coexpression of HsC8 and either of these neighbor alpha-type subunits results in the formation of hetero-oligomeric ring complexes, resembling the HsC8 ring-like structure. The ratio between the two types of subunits in the mixed complexes is surprisingly heterogeneous, varying from very high to very low HsC8 content. The three tested alpha-type subunits thus apparently lack binding sites that selectively interact with a specific neighboring subunit. This suggests that the correct positioning of the different alpha-type subunits in the eukaryotic 20 S proteasome is not dictated by the alpha-type subunits themselves, but rather by the interaction with specific beta-type subunits.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.