Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

p53 is phosphorylated in vitro and in vivo by the delta and epsilon isoforms of casein kinase 1 and enhances the level of casein kinase 1 delta in response to topoisomerase-directed drugs.

Oncogene | Oct 2, 1997

The p53 tumour suppressor protein plays a key role in the integration of stress signals. Multi-site phosphorylation of p53 may play an integral part in the transmission of these signals and is catalysed by many different protein kinases including an unidentified p53-N-terminus-targeted protein kinase (p53NK) which phosphorylates a group of sites at the N-terminus of the protein. In this paper, we present evidence that the delta and epsilon isoforms of casein kinase 1 (CK1delta and CK1epsilon) show identical features to p53NK and can phosphorylate p53 both in vitro and in vivo. Recombinant, purified glutathione S-transferase (GST)-CK1delta and GST-CK1epsilon fusion proteins each phosphorylate p53 in vitro at serines 4, 6 and 9, the sites recognised by p53NK. Furthermore, p53NK (i) co-purifies with CK1delta/epsilon, (ii) shares identical kinetic properties to CK1delta/epsilon, and (iii) is inhibited by a CK1delta/epsilon-specific inhibitor (IC261). In addition, CK1delta is also present in purified preparations of p53NK as judged by immunoanalysis using a CK1delta-specific monoclonal antibody. Treatment of murine SV3T3 cells with IC261 specifically blocked phosphorylation in vivo of the CK1delta/epsilon phosphorylation sites in p53, indicating that p53 interacts physiologically with CK1delta and/or CK1epsilon. Similarly, over-expression of a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-CK1delta fusion protein led to hyper-phosphorylation of p53 at its N-terminus. Treatment of MethAp53ts cells with the topoisomerase-directed drugs etoposide or camptothecin led to increases in both CK1delta-mRNA and -protein levels in a manner dependent on the integrity of p53. These data suggest that p53 is phosphorylated by CK1delta and CK1epsilon and additionally that there may be a regulatory feedback loop involving p53 and CK1delta.

Pubmed ID: 9349507 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | COS Cells | Camptothecin | Casein Kinases | Enzyme Inhibitors | Etoposide | Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic | Isoenzymes | Mice | Phosphopeptides | Phosphorylation | Protein Kinases | RNA, Messenger | Rats | Topoisomerase II Inhibitors | Tumor Suppressor Protein p53