• Register
X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X

Leaving Community

Are you sure you want to leave this community? Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community.

No
Yes

Generation and phenotype of a transgenic knockout mouse lacking the mercurial-insensitive water channel aquaporin-4.

Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a mercurial-insensitive, water-selective channel that is expressed in astroglia and basolateral plasma membranes of epithelia in the kidney collecting duct, airways, stomach, and colon. A targeting vector for homologous recombination was constructed using a 7-kb SacI AQP4 genomic fragment in which part of the exon 1 coding sequence was deleted. Analysis of 164 live births from AQP4[+/-] matings showed 41 [+/+], 83 [+/-], and 40 [-/-] genotypes. The [-/-] mice expressed small amounts of a truncated AQP4 transcript and lacked detectable AQP4 protein by immunoblot analysis and immunocytochemistry. Water permeability in an AQP4-enriched brain vesicle fraction in [+/+] mice was high and mercurial insensitive, and was decreased by 14-fold in [-/-] mice. AQP4 deletion did not affect growth or tissue morphology at the light microscopic level. Northern blot analysis showed that tissue-specific expression of AQPs 1, 2, 3, and 5 was not affected by AQP4 deletion. Maximum urine osmolality after a 36-h water deprivation was (in mosM, n = 15) [+/+] 3,342+/-209, [+/-] 3, 225+/-167, and [-/-] 2,616+/-229 (P < 0.025), whereas urine osmolalities before water deprivation did not differ among the genotypes. Rotorod analysis of 35- 38-d-old mice revealed no differences in neuromuscular function (performance time in s, n = 8): [+/+] 297+/-25, [+/-] 322+/-28, [-/-] 288+/-37. These results indicate that AQP4 deletion in CD1 mice has little or no effect on development, survival, growth, and neuromuscular function, but produces a small defect in urinary concentrating ability consistent with its expression in the medullary collecting duct.

Pubmed ID: 9276712

Authors

  • Ma T
  • Yang B
  • Gillespie A
  • Carlson EJ
  • Epstein CJ
  • Verkman AS

Journal

The Journal of clinical investigation

Publication Data

September 1, 1997

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK-35124
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL-42368
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL-51854

Mesh Terms

  • Animals
  • Aquaporin 2
  • Aquaporin 4
  • Aquaporin 6
  • Aquaporins
  • Female
  • Ion Channels
  • Kidney Concentrating Ability
  • Male
  • Mercury
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Phenotype
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance