Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

A novel point mutation in the insulin gene giving rise to hyperproinsulinemia.

A 58-yr-old obese white Caucasian male type 2 diabetic, entered into the UK Prospective Diabetes Study, was found to have raised fasting total proinsulin levels 708 pmol/L(-1) (normal range, 3-16 pmol/L(-1)) and normal specific plasma insulin level 29 pmol/L(-1) (normal range, 21-75 pmol/L(-1)). Immunoreactive plasma insulin, measured by RIA, was 503 pmol/L(-1). DNA was extracted, the insulin gene amplified by the PCR, and by direct sequencing, a novel point mutation, G1552C, was identified, which resulted in the substitution of proline (CCT) for arginine (CGT) at position 65. This prevented cleavage of the C-peptide A-chain dibasic cleavage site (lys-arg) by the processing protease in the pancreatic beta-cells. The plasma proinsulin and insulin levels were in accord with expression of both the wild-type and the mutant alleles. The G1552C mutation was not linked with diabetes, because it was present in a 37-yr-old nondiabetic daughter and not in a 35-yr-old daughter who had had gestational diabetes.

Pubmed ID: 9141561 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Arginine | C-Peptide | Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid | DNA | Female | Genotype | Humans | Insulin | Male | Middle Aged | Point Mutation | Polymerase Chain Reaction | Proinsulin | Proline | Sequence Analysis, DNA

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants


Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.