Phenotype of mice lacking functional Deleted in colorectal cancer (Dcc) gene.
The DCC (Deleted in colorectal cancer) gene was first identified as a candidate for a tumour-suppressor gene on human chromosome 18q. More recently, in vitro studies in rodents have provided evidence that DCC might function as a receptor for the axonal chemoattractant netrin-1. Inactivation of the murine Dcc gene caused defects in axonal projections that are similar to those observed in netrin-1-deficient mice but did not affect growth, differentiation, morphogenesis or tumorigenesis in mouse intestine. These observations fail to support a tumour-suppressor function for Dcc, but are consistent with the hypothesis that DCC is a component of a receptor for netrin-1.