Transduction of bitter and sweet taste by gustducin.
Several lines of evidence suggest that both sweet and bitter tastes are transduced via receptors coupled to heterotrimeric guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins). Gustducin is a taste receptor cell (TRC)-specific G protein that is closely related to the transducins. Gustducin and rod transducin, which is also expressed in TRCs, have been proposed to couple bitter-responsive receptors to TRC-specific phosphodiesterases to regulate intracellular cyclic nucleotides. Here we investigate gustducin's role in taste transduction by generating and characterizing mice deficient in the gustducin alpha-subunit (alpha-gustducin). As predicted, the mutant mice showed reduced behavioural and electrophysiological responses to bitter compounds, whereas they were indistinguishable from wild-type controls in their responses to salty and sour stimuli. Unexpectedly, mutant mice also exhibited reduced behavioural and electrophysiological responses to sweet compounds. Our results suggest that gustducin is a principal mediator of both bitter and sweet signal transduction.
Pubmed ID: 8657284 RIS Download
Animals | Cloning, Molecular | Facial Nerve | Female | Guanidines | Male | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mutagenesis | Quaternary Ammonium Compounds | Quinine | Signal Transduction | Sodium Chloride | Sucrose | Sweetening Agents | Taste | Taste Buds | Transducin