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WAF1, a potential mediator of p53 tumor suppression.

The ability of p53 to activate transcription from specific sequences suggests that genes induced by p53 may mediate its biological role as a tumor suppressor. Using a subtractive hybridization approach, we identified a gene, named WAF1, whose induction was associated with wild-type but not mutant p53 gene expression in a human brain tumor cell line. The WAF1 gene was localized to chromosome 6p21.2, and its sequence, structure, and activation by p53 was conserved in rodents. Introduction of WAF1 cDNA suppressed the growth of human brain, lung, and colon tumor cells in culture. Using a yeast enhancer trap, a p53-binding site was identified 2.4 kb upstream of WAF1 coding sequences. The WAF1 promoter, including this p53-binding site, conferred p53-dependent inducibility upon a heterologous reporter gene. These studies define a gene whose expression is directly induced by p53 and that could be an important mediator of p53-dependent tumor growth suppression.

Pubmed ID: 8242752


  • el-Deiry WS
  • Tokino T
  • Velculescu VE
  • Levy DB
  • Parsons R
  • Trent JM
  • Lin D
  • Mercer WE
  • Kinzler KW
  • Vogelstein B



Publication Data

November 19, 1993

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: CA-09071
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: CA-43460

Mesh Terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Cycle
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclins
  • DNA Primers
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rats
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Zinc Fingers