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Disruption of the adenosine deaminase gene causes hepatocellular impairment and perinatal lethality in mice.

We have generated mice with a null mutation at the Ada locus, which encodes the purine catabolic enzyme adenosine deaminase (ADA, EC ADA-deficient fetuses exhibited hepatocellular impairment and died perinatally. Their lymphoid tissues were not largely affected. Accumulation of ADA substrates was detectable in ADA-deficient conceptuses as early as 12.5 days postcoitum, dramatically increasing during late in utero development, and is the likely cause of liver damage and fetal death. The results presented here demonstrate that ADA is important for the homeostatic maintenance of purines in mice.

Pubmed ID: 7731963


  • Wakamiya M
  • Blackburn MR
  • Jurecic R
  • McArthur MJ
  • Geske RS
  • Cartwright J
  • Mitani K
  • Vaishnav S
  • Belmont JW
  • Kellems RE


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

April 25, 1995

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: 1R01HL51232
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: 5R01DK42696
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: 5R01DK46207

Mesh Terms

  • Adenosine Deaminase
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Deoxyadenine Nucleotides
  • Female
  • Genes, Lethal
  • Genotype
  • Gestational Age
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells
  • Homeostasis
  • Leukocytes
  • Liver
  • Mice
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Mutagenesis
  • Pregnancy
  • Purines
  • Restriction Mapping