Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Alternative pathway of insulin signalling in mice with targeted disruption of the IRS-1 gene.

Nature | Nov 10, 1994

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7526222

The principal substrate for the insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptors is the cytoplasmic protein insulin-receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1/pp185). After tyrosine phosphorylation at several sites, IRS-1 binds to and activates phosphatidylinositol-3'-OH kinase (PI(3)K) and several other proteins containing SH2 (Src-homology 2) domains. To elucidate the role of IRS-1 in insulin/IGF-1 action, we created IRS-1-deficient mice by targeted gene mutation. These mice had no IRS-1 and showed no evidence of IRS-1 phosphorylation or IRS-1-associated PI(3)K activity. They also had a 50 per cent reduction in intrauterine growth, impaired glucose tolerance, and a decrease in insulin/IGF-1-stimulated glucose uptake in vivo and in vitro. The residual insulin/IGF-1 action correlated with the appearance of a new tyrosine-phosphorylated protein (IRS-2) which binds to PI(3)K, but is slightly larger than and immunologically distinct from IRS-1. Our results provide evidence for IRS-1-dependent and IRS-1-independent pathways of insulin/IGF-1 signalling and for the existence of an alternative substrate of these receptor kinases.

Pubmed ID: 7526222 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Blood Glucose | Female | Growth | Insulin | Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins | Insulin Resistance | Insulin-Like Growth Factor I | Male | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mice, Knockout | Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases | Phosphoproteins | Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) | Phosphotyrosine | Signal Transduction | Tyrosine

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

None

Mouse Genome Informatics (Data, Gene Annotation)

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.