The membrane activities and the various characteristic constants of the smooth-muscle membrane of the guinea-pig portal vein were investigated with the micro-electrode technique.1. The mean membrane potential was -37 mV. Spontaneous discharges appeared as regular bursts of short trains of spikes alternating with silent periods, as a mixture of single spikes and bursts of spikes appearing continuously, or as regular spikes with low frequency.2. Spontaneous spikes with overshoot were frequently observed. The maximum rate of rise of the spike was 3.7 V/sec. The shapes of the spikes were classified into three different types, i.e. pace-maker type of spike, monophasic spike and spike with a hump during the falling phase.3. Tetrodotoxin (10(-5) g/ml.) did not influence the patterns of the spontaneous train discharges nor the shape of the spike.4. Extracellularly applied outward current elicited spikes which were either monophasic or had a hump on the falling phase. Inward current elicited break excitation of the spike.5. Current-voltage relations, produced by application of inward current pulses to the tissue and measured at various distances from the stimulating partition, were linear.6. The smooth-muscle membrane of portal vein showed cable-like properties. The mean space constant of the membrane was 0.52 mm; the mean time constant of the membrane calculated from the electrotonic potential was 330 msec.7. Conduction velocity of the spike measured by insertion of two micro-electrodes was 0.58 cm/sec.8. The time constant of the foot of the propagated spike was 27 msec. The time constant of the membrane calculated from the time constant of the foot of the spike and the conduction velocity was 310 msec.9. The membrane properties of longitudinal smooth muscle of the portal vein were discussed in comparison with other veins and various visceral smooth muscles.
Pubmed ID: 5580862 RIS Download
Mesh terms: Action Potentials | Animals | Electric Conductivity | Electric Stimulation | Guinea Pigs | In Vitro Techniques | Membrane Potentials | Muscle, Smooth | Myofibrils | Neural Conduction | Portal Vein | Tetrodotoxin | Time Factors
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