Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

An Optical Neuron-Astrocyte Proximity Assay at Synaptic Distance Scales.

Neuron | Apr 4, 2018

Astrocytes are complex bushy cells that serve important functions through close contacts between their processes and synapses. However, the spatial interactions and dynamics of astrocyte processes relative to synapses have proven problematic to study in adult living brain tissue. Here, we report a genetically targeted neuron-astrocyte proximity assay (NAPA) to measure astrocyte-synapse spatial interactions within intact brain preparations and at synaptic distance scales. The method exploits resonance energy transfer between extracellularly displayed fluorescent proteins targeted to synapses and astrocyte processes. We validated the method in the striatal microcircuitry following in vivo expression. We determined the proximity of striatal astrocyte processes to distinct neuronal input pathways, to D1 and D2 medium spiny neuron synapses, and we evaluated how astrocyte-to-excitatory synapse proximity changed following cortical afferent stimulation, during ischemia and in a model of Huntington's disease. NAPA provides a simple approach to measure astrocyte-synapse spatial interactions in a variety of experimental scenarios. VIDEO ABSTRACT.

Pubmed ID: 29621490 RIS Download

Research resources used in this publication

Research tools detected in this publication

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: T32 NS058280
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: R01 MH099559
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: F30 MH106197
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R01 NS060677
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: DP1 MH104069
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: F31 MH107210

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.


Addgene

A non-profit plasmid repository dedicated to helping scientists around the world share high-quality plasmids. Addgene’s mission is to accelerate research and discovery by improving access to useful research materials and information. We facilitate the sharing of high-quality scientific materials, research reproducibility, and open science by archiving and distributing DNA-based research reagents and associated data to scientists worldwide. Our repository contains over 65,000 plasmids, including special collections on CRISPR, fluorescent proteins, and ready-to-use viral preparations. There is no cost for scientists to deposit plasmids, which saves time and money associated with shipping plasmids themselves. All plasmids are fully sequenced for validation and sequencing data is openly available. We handle the appropriate Material Transfer Agreements (MTA) with institutions, facilitating open exchange and offering intellectual property and liability protection for depositing scientists. Furthermore, we curate free educational resources for the scientific community including a blog, eBooks, video protocols, and detailed molecular biology resources.

tool

View all literature mentions

Imaris

Interactive Vision In The Life SciencesCombining speed, precision and ease-of-use, Imaris provides an impressive range of capabilities for working with three-dimensional images. Move easily between simple and advanced 3D views. Use flexible editing and processing functions, such as interactive surface rendering and object slicing capabilities. And output to standard TIFF, Quicktime and AVI formats. Imaris accepts virtually all image formats that are used in confocal microscopy and many of those used in wide-field image acquisition.BitPlane, Inc. also releases the following companion products:- ImarisXT is a multi-functional two-way interface from Imaris to both classic programming languages and to Matlab.- Imaris MeasurementPro and Imaris Track provide the ability to segment and follow the movement of independent objects in a 3D image over time. Objects can either be Surface Objects or Spots, created automatically or manually.- ImarisColoc enables users to easily isolate, visualize, and quantify regional overlap in 3D and 4D images and automates the process of selecting colocalized image areas.

tool

View all literature mentions