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Rbfox1 Regulates Synaptic Transmission through the Inhibitory Neuron-Specific vSNARE Vamp1.

Neuron | Apr 4, 2018

Dysfunction of the neuronal RNA binding protein RBFOX1 has been linked to epilepsy and autism spectrum disorders. Rbfox1 loss in mice leads to neuronal hyper-excitability and seizures, but the physiological basis for this is unknown. We identify the vSNARE protein Vamp1 as a major Rbfox1 target. Vamp1 is strongly downregulated in Rbfox1 Nes-cKO mice due to loss of 3' UTR binding by RBFOX1. Cytoplasmic Rbfox1 stimulates Vamp1 expression in part by blocking microRNA-9. We find that Vamp1 is specifically expressed in inhibitory neurons, and that both Vamp1 knockdown and Rbfox1 loss lead to decreased inhibitory synaptic transmission and E/I imbalance. Re-expression of Vamp1 selectively within interneurons rescues the electrophysiological changes in the Rbfox1 cKO, indicating that Vamp1 loss is a major contributor to the Rbfox1 Nes-cKO phenotype. The regulation of interneuron-specific Vamp1 by Rbfox1 provides a paradigm for broadly expressed RNA-binding proteins performing specialized functions in defined neuronal subtypes.

Pubmed ID: 29621484 RIS Download

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: F31 NS093923
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: R01 MH060919
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: R01 GM114463
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: T32 GM007185
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: R21 MH101684

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SpliceTrap

A statistic tool for quantifying exon inclusion ratios in paired-end RNA-seq data, with broad applications for the study of alternative splicing. SpliceTrap approaches to exon inclusion level estimation as a Bayesian inference problem. For every exon it quantifies the extent to which it is included, skipped or subjected to size variations due to alternative 3?/5? splice sites or Intron Retention. In addition, SpliceTrap can quantify alternative splicing within a single cellular condition, with no need of a background set of reads.

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