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Inflammation-Modulated Metabolic Reprogramming Is Required for DUOX-Dependent Gut Immunity in Drosophila.

Cell host & microbe | 2018

DUOX, a member of the NADPH oxidase family, acts as the first line of defense against enteric pathogens by producing microbicidal reactive oxygen species. DUOX is activated upon enteric infection, but the mechanisms regulating DUOX activity remain incompletely understood. Using Drosophila genetic tools, we show that enteric infection results in "pro-catabolic" signaling that initiates metabolic reprogramming of enterocytes toward lipid catabolism, which ultimately governs DUOX homeostasis. Infection induces signaling cascades involving TRAF3 and kinases AMPK and WTS, which regulate TOR kinase to control the balance of lipogenesis versus lipolysis. Enhancing lipogenesis blocks DUOX activity, whereas stimulating lipolysis via ATG1-dependent lipophagy is required for DUOX activation. Drosophila with altered activity in TRAF3-AMPK/WTS-ATG1 pathway components exhibit abolished infection-induced lipolysis, reduced DUOX activation, and enhanced susceptibility to enteric infection. Thus, this work uncovers signaling cascades governing inflammation-induced metabolic reprogramming and provides insight into the pathophysiology of immune-metabolic interactions in the microbe-laden gut epithelia.

Pubmed ID: 29503179 RIS Download

Mesh terms: AMP-Activated Protein Kinases | Animals | Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog | CRISPR-Cas Systems | Cell Culture Techniques | Digestive System | Drosophila | Drosophila Proteins | Dual Oxidases | Enterocytes | Female | Gastrointestinal Microbiome | Gene Editing | Gene Expression Regulation | Homeostasis | Host-Pathogen Interactions | Immunity, Innate | Inflammation | Lipid Metabolism | Lipolysis | MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 1 | Male | Pectobacterium carotovorum | Reactive Oxygen Species | Sequence Analysis, RNA | Signal Transduction | TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3

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