Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Long-lasting masculinizing effects of postnatal androgens on myelin governed by the brain androgen receptor.

PLoS genetics | Nov 21, 2017

The oligodendrocyte density is greater and myelin sheaths are thicker in the adult male mouse brain when compared with females. Here, we show that these sex differences emerge during the first 10 postnatal days, precisely at a stage when a late wave of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells arises and starts differentiating. Androgen levels, analyzed by gas chromatography/tandem-mass spectrometry, were higher in males than in females during this period. Treating male pups with flutamide, an androgen receptor (AR) antagonist, or female pups with 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT), revealed the importance of postnatal androgens in masculinizing myelin and their persistent effect into adulthood. A key role of the brain AR in establishing the sexual phenotype of myelin was demonstrated by its conditional deletion. Our results uncover a new persistent effect of postnatal AR signaling, with implications for neurodevelopmental disorders and sex differences in multiple sclerosis.

Pubmed ID: 29107990 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Androgen Receptor Antagonists | Androgens | Animals | Animals, Newborn | Brain | Dihydrotestosterone | Female | Flutamide | Male | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Myelin Sheath | Receptors, Androgen | Sex Differentiation

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.


Thermo Fisher Scientific

Commercial vendor and service provider of laboratory reagents and antibodies.

tool

View all literature mentions

Adobe Illustrator

Vector graphics software to create digital graphics, illustrations, and typography for several types of media: print, web, interactive, video, and mobile.

tool

View all literature mentions

Graphpad Prism

Statistical software package for data analysis, hypothesis testing, and modeling. The software can capable perform mathematical calculations (including biostatistics) and graphical plotting such as curve fitting (nonlinear regression) and scientific graphing.

tool

View all literature mentions

LSM Image Examiner

Software used to compile images obtained from the Zeiss LSM 510 confocal microscope. The browser can be used for general image archiving and handling and interactive measurement in labs and workgroups. Features include orthogonal sectioning, 3D cut function, 3D view with calculation of single projections, and interactive measurement functions in the overlay dialog, such as scale bar, distance, and area.

tool

View all literature mentions

ImageJ

A Java image processing program which can display, edit, analyze, process, save and print 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit images. It can read many image formats including TIFF, GIF, JPEG, BMP, DICOM, FITS and raw. It runs, either as an online applet or as a downloadable application, on any computer with a Java 1.4 or later virtual machine. Downloadable distributions are available for Windows, Mac OS, Mac OS X and Linux. It supports stacks, a series of images that share a single window. It is multithreaded, so time-consuming operations such as image file reading can be performed in parallel with other operations. It can calculate area and pixel value statistics of user-defined selections. It can measure distances and angles. It can create density histograms and line profile plots. It supports standard image processing functions such as contrast manipulation, sharpening, smoothing, edge detection and median filtering. It does geometric transformations such as scaling, rotation and flips. Image can be zoomed up to 32:1 and down to 1:32. All analysis and processing functions are available at any magnification factor. The program supports any number of windows (images) simultaneously, limited only by available memory. Spatial calibration is available to provide real world dimensional measurements in units such as millimeters. Density or gray scale calibration is also available. ImageJ was designed with an open architecture that provides extensibility via Java plugins. Custom acquisition, analysis and processing plugins can be developed using ImageJ built in editor and Java compiler. User-written plugins make it possible to solve almost any image processing or analysis problem.

tool

View all literature mentions