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Age-Dependent Alterations in Meiotic Recombination Cause Chromosome Segregation Errors in Spermatocytes.

Cell | Oct 19, 2017

Faithful chromosome segregation in meiosis requires crossover (CO) recombination, which is regulated to ensure at least one CO per homolog pair. We investigate the failure to ensure COs in juvenile male mice. By monitoring recombination genome-wide using cytological assays and at hotspots using molecular assays, we show that juvenile mouse spermatocytes have fewer COs relative to adults. Analysis of recombination in the absence of MLH3 provides evidence for greater utilization in juveniles of pathways involving structure-selective nucleases and alternative complexes, which can act upon precursors to generate noncrossovers (NCOs) at the expense of COs. We propose that some designated CO sites fail to mature efficiently in juveniles owing to inappropriate activity of these alternative repair pathways, leading to chromosome mis-segregation. We also find lower MutLγ focus density in juvenile human spermatocytes, suggesting that weaker CO maturation efficiency may explain why younger men have a higher risk of fathering children with Down syndrome.

Pubmed ID: 28942922 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Aging | Animals | Chromosome Aberrations | Chromosome Segregation | DNA Repair | Humans | Male | Meiosis | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mice, Inbred DBA | Recombination, Genetic | Spermatocytes

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