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Mitochondrial Fission Promotes the Continued Clearance of Apoptotic Cells by Macrophages.

Cell | Oct 5, 2017

Clearance of apoptotic cells (ACs) by phagocytes (efferocytosis) prevents post-apoptotic necrosis and dampens inflammation. Defective efferocytosis drives important diseases, including atherosclerosis. For efficient efferocytosis, phagocytes must be able to internalize multiple ACs. We show here that uptake of multiple ACs by macrophages requires dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)-mediated mitochondrial fission, which is triggered by AC uptake. When mitochondrial fission is disabled, AC-induced increase in cytosolic calcium is blunted owing to mitochondrial calcium sequestration, and calcium-dependent phagosome formation around secondarily encountered ACs is impaired. These defects can be corrected by silencing the mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU). Mice lacking myeloid Drp1 showed defective efferocytosis and its pathologic consequences in the thymus after dexamethasone treatment and in advanced atherosclerotic lesions in fat-fed Ldlr-/- mice. Thus, mitochondrial fission in response to AC uptake is a critical process that enables macrophages to clear multiple ACs and to avoid the pathologic consequences of defective efferocytosis in vivo.

Pubmed ID: 28942921 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Apoptosis | Humans | Macrophages | Mice | Microtubule-Associated Proteins | Mitochondria | Mitochondrial Dynamics | Myeloid Cells | Phagocytes | Phagosomes

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: R01 HL093324
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: R01 HL132412
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: R01 HL127464
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: R01 HL075662
  • Agency: NIH HHS, Id: S10 OD020056
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: T32 HL007343
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R37 NS036942
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: P30 DK063608

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