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Loss of foxo rescues stem cell aging in Drosophila germ line.

eLife | Sep 19, 2017

Aging stem cells lose the capacity to properly respond to injury and regenerate their residing tissues. Here, we utilized the ability of Drosophila melanogaster germline stem cells (GSCs) to survive exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation (IR) as a model of adult stem cell injury and identified a regeneration defect in aging GSCs: while aging GSCs survive exposure to IR, they fail to reenter the cell cycle and regenerate the germline in a timely manner. Mechanistically, we identify foxo and mTOR homologue, Tor as important regulators of GSC quiescence following exposure to ionizing radiation. foxo is required for entry in quiescence, while Tor is essential for cell cycle reentry. Importantly, we further show that the lack of regeneration in aging germ line stem cells after IR can be rescued by loss of foxo.

Pubmed ID: 28925355 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Cell Proliferation | Cellular Senescence | Drosophila Proteins | Drosophila melanogaster | Forkhead Transcription Factors | Germ Cells | Radiation, Ionizing | Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases | Stem Cells

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