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Kinetochore inactivation by expression of a repressive mRNA.

eLife | Sep 14, 2017

Differentiation programs such as meiosis depend on extensive gene regulation to mediate cellular morphogenesis. Meiosis requires transient removal of the outer kinetochore, the complex that connects microtubules to chromosomes. How the meiotic gene expression program temporally restricts kinetochore function is unknown. We discovered that in budding yeast, kinetochore inactivation occurs by reducing the abundance of a limiting subunit, Ndc80. Furthermore, we uncovered an integrated mechanism that acts at the transcriptional and translational level to repress NDC80 expression. Central to this mechanism is the developmentally controlled transcription of an alternate NDC80 mRNA isoform, which itself cannot produce protein due to regulatory upstream ORFs in its extended 5' leader. Instead, transcription of this isoform represses the canonical NDC80 mRNA expression in cis, thereby inhibiting Ndc80 protein synthesis. This model of gene regulation raises the intriguing notion that transcription of an mRNA, despite carrying a canonical coding sequence, can directly cause gene repression.

Pubmed ID: 28906249 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal | Kinetochores | Meiosis | Nuclear Proteins | Protein Biosynthesis | RNA Isoforms | Saccharomyces cerevisiae | Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins | Transcription, Genetic

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