Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Feature Integration Drives Probabilistic Behavior in the Drosophila Escape Response.

Neuron | Jun 21, 2017

Animals rely on dedicated sensory circuits to extract and encode environmental features. How individual neurons integrate and translate these features into behavioral responses remains a major question. Here, we identify a visual projection neuron type that conveys predator approach information to the Drosophila giant fiber (GF) escape circuit. Genetic removal of this input during looming stimuli reveals that it encodes angular expansion velocity, whereas other input cell type(s) encode angular size. Motor program selection and timing emerge from linear integration of these two features within the GF. Linear integration improves size detection invariance over prior models and appropriately biases motor selection to rapid, GF-mediated escapes during fast looms. Our findings suggest feature integration, and motor control may occur as simultaneous operations within the same neuron and establish the Drosophila escape circuit as a model system in which these computations may be further dissected at the circuit level. VIDEO ABSTRACT.

Pubmed ID: 28641115 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Behavior, Animal | Brain | Drosophila melanogaster | Escape Reaction | Immunohistochemistry | Microscopy, Confocal | Neurons | Optogenetics | Patch-Clamp Techniques | Probability | Visual Perception

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.


Psychophysics Toolbox

A free set of Matlab and GNU/Octave functions for vision research. It makes it easy to synthesize and show accurately controlled visual and auditory stimuli and interact with the observer.

tool

View all literature mentions

MATLAB

Multi paradigm numerical computing environment and fourth generation programming language developed by MathWorks. Allows matrix manipulations, plotting of functions and data, implementation of algorithms, creation of user interfaces, and interfacing with programs written in other languages, including C, C++, Java, Fortran and Python. Used to explore and visualize ideas and collaborate across disciplines including signal and image processing, communications, control systems, and computational finance.

tool

View all literature mentions

Fiji

Software package as distribution of ImageJ and ImageJ2 together with Java, Java3D and plugins organized into coherent menu structure. Used to assist research in life sciences.

tool

View all literature mentions

Vaa3D

A handy, fast, and versatile 3D/4D/5D Image Visualization & Analysis System for Bioimages & Surface Objects. Vaa3D is a cross-platform (Mac, Linux, and Windows) tool for visualizing large-scale (gigabytes, and 64-bit data) 3D/4D/5D image stacks and various surface data. It is also a container of powerful modules for 3D image analysis (cell segmentation, neuron tracing, brain registration, annotation, quantitative measurement and statistics, etc) and data management. Vaa3D is very easy to be extended via a powerful plugin interface. For example, many ITK tools are being converted to Vaa3D Plugins. Vaa3D-Neuron is built upon Vaa3D to make 3D neuron reconstruction much easier. In a recent Nature Biotechnology paper (2010, 28(4), pp.348-353) about Vaa3D and Vaa3D-Neuron, an order of magnitude of performance improvement (both reconstruction accuracy and speed) was achieved compared to other tools.

tool

View all literature mentions