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DNA-PK Promotes the Mitochondrial, Metabolic, and Physical Decline that Occurs During Aging.

Cell metabolism | May 2, 2017

Hallmarks of aging that negatively impact health include weight gain and reduced physical fitness, which can increase insulin resistance and risk for many diseases, including type 2 diabetes. The underlying mechanism(s) for these phenomena is poorly understood. Here we report that aging increases DNA breaks and activates DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) in skeletal muscle, which suppresses mitochondrial function, energy metabolism, and physical fitness. DNA-PK phosphorylates threonines 5 and 7 of HSP90α, decreasing its chaperone function for clients such as AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is critical for mitochondrial biogenesis and energy metabolism. Decreasing DNA-PK activity increases AMPK activity and prevents weight gain, decline of mitochondrial function, and decline of physical fitness in middle-aged mice and protects against type 2 diabetes. In conclusion, DNA-PK is one of the drivers of the metabolic and fitness decline during aging, and therefore DNA-PK inhibitors may have therapeutic potential in obesity and low exercise capacity.

Pubmed ID: 28467930 RIS Download

Mesh terms: AMP-Activated Protein Kinases | Aging | Animals | Benzofurans | DNA-Activated Protein Kinase | Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Energy Metabolism | Macaca mulatta | Mice, SCID | Mitochondria, Muscle | Muscle, Skeletal | Physical Conditioning, Animal | Quinolines | Rats

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