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Kinetics of Endogenous CaMKII Required for Synaptic Plasticity Revealed by Optogenetic Kinase Inhibitor.

Neuron | Apr 5, 2017

Elucidating temporal windows of signaling activity required for synaptic and behavioral plasticity is crucial for understanding molecular mechanisms underlying these phenomena. Here, we developed photoactivatable autocamtide inhibitory peptide 2 (paAIP2), a genetically encoded, light-inducible inhibitor of CaMKII activity. The photoactivation of paAIP2 in neurons for 1-2 min during the induction of LTP and structural LTP (sLTP) of dendritic spines inhibited these forms of plasticity in hippocampal slices of rodents. However, photoactivation ∼1 min after the induction did not affect them, suggesting that the initial 1 min of CaMKII activation is sufficient for inducing LTP and sLTP. Furthermore, the photoactivation of paAIP2 expressed in amygdalar neurons of mice during an inhibitory avoidance task revealed that CaMKII activity during, but not after, training is required for the memory formation. Thus, we demonstrated that paAIP2 is useful to elucidate the temporal window of CaMKII activation required for synaptic plasticity and learning.

Pubmed ID: 28318784 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Animals, Newborn | Avoidance Learning | CA1 Region, Hippocampal | Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 | Dendritic Spines | Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel | HEK293 Cells | HeLa Cells | Hippocampus | Humans | Immunoblotting | Immunohistochemistry | Kinetics | Long-Term Potentiation | Mice | Microscopy, Fluorescence | Neuronal Plasticity | Neurons | Optogenetics | Pyramidal Cells | Rats | Recombinant Fusion Proteins | Tumor Suppressor Proteins

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