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The NmrA-like family domain containing 1 pseudogene Loc344887 is amplified in gallbladder cancer and promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

The expression pattern and biological role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in cancer has been reported to be involved in many cancers. Here, we report the expression and biological role of a newly discovered lncRNA NmrA-like family domain containing 1 pseudogene (Loc344887) in gallbladder cancer (GBC). In this study, we found that the expression of Loc344887 was significantly elevated in GBC tissues and cell lines when compared with matched normal tissues and normal epithelial bile duct cell line, respectively. High Loc344887 was associated with larger tumor size. Loc344887 was upregulated significantly after ectopic expression of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) in GBC cells. Downregulation of Loc344887 in GBC cells suppressed cell proliferation, blocked cells in G0/S phase, and decreased the migration and invasion cell numbers. In addition, downregulation of Loc344887 decreased the expression of transcription factor Twist, mesenchymal marker Vimentin, and N-cadherin and increased the expression of epithelial maker E-cadherin, which could prompt a mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition phenotype. These results demonstrated that Loc344887 might contribute to cell proliferation and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition process in GBC, which might be a potential therapeutic target.

Pubmed ID: 28245089 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Aged | Cadherins | Cell Line, Tumor | Cell Movement | Cell Proliferation | Down-Regulation | Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition | Female | G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints | Gallbladder Neoplasms | Humans | Male | Middle Aged | NF-E2-Related Factor 2 | Pseudogenes | RNA Interference | RNA, Long Noncoding | RNA, Small Interfering | Transcription Factors | Vimentin