Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Parkinson Sac Domain Mutation in Synaptojanin 1 Impairs Clathrin Uncoating at Synapses and Triggers Dystrophic Changes in Dopaminergic Axons.

Neuron | Feb 22, 2017

Synaptojanin 1 (SJ1) is a major presynaptic phosphatase that couples synaptic vesicle endocytosis to the dephosphorylation of PI(4,5)P2, a reaction needed for the shedding of endocytic factors from their membranes. While the role of SJ1's 5-phosphatase module in this process is well recognized, the contribution of its Sac phosphatase domain, whose preferred substrate is PI4P, remains unclear. Recently a homozygous mutation in its Sac domain was identified in early-onset parkinsonism patients. We show that mice carrying this mutation developed neurological manifestations similar to those of human patients. Synapses of these mice displayed endocytic defects and a striking accumulation of clathrin-coated intermediates, strongly implicating Sac domain's activity in endocytic protein dynamics. Mutant brains had elevated auxilin (PARK19) and parkin (PARK2) levels. Moreover, dystrophic axonal terminal changes were selectively observed in dopaminergic axons in the dorsal striatum. These results strengthen evidence for a link between synaptic endocytic dysfunction and Parkinson's disease.

Pubmed ID: 28231468 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Axons | Clathrin | Dopamine | Endocytosis | Humans | Mice, Transgenic | Mutation | Parkinson Disease | Parkinsonian Disorders | Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases | Synapses

Research resources used in this publication

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R01 NS036942
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: P41 GM103412
  • Agency: NCATS NIH HHS, Id: UL1 TR001863
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: P30 DA018343
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R01 NS036251
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R37 NS036251
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R37 NS036942

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.


National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research

Biomedical technology research center that develops computer-aided, advanced microscopy for the acquisition of structural and functional data in the dimensional range of 1 nm to 100 um, a range encompassing macromolecules, subcellular structures and cells. Novel specimen-staining methods, imaging instrumentsincluding intermediate high-voltage transmission electron microscopes (IVEMs) and high-speed, large-format laser-scanning light microscopesand computational capabilities are available for addressing mesoscale biological microscopy of proteins and macromolecular complexes in their cellular and tissue environments. These technologies are developed to bridge understanding of biological systems between the gross anatomical and molecular scales and to make these technologies broadly available to biomedical researchers. NCMIR provides expertise, infrastructure, technological development, and an environment in which new information about the 3D ultrastructure of tissues, cells, and macromolecular complexes may be accurately and easily obtained and analyzed. NCMIR fulfills its mission through technology development, collaboration, service, training, and dissemination. It aims to develop preparative methods and analytical approaches to 3D microscopy applicable to neurobiology and cell biology, incorporating equipment and implementing software that expand the analysis of 3D structure. The core research activities in the areas of specimen development, instrument development, and software infrastructures maximize the advantages of higher voltage electron microscopy and correlated light microscopies to make ambitious imaging studies across scales routine, and to facilitate the use of resources by biomedical researchers. NCMIR actively recruits outside users who will not only make use of these resources, but who also will drive technology development and receive training.

tool

View all literature mentions

GraphPad Prism

Statistical analysis software that combines scientific graphing, comprehensive curve fitting (nonlinear regression), understandable statistics, and data organization. Designed for biological research applications in pharmacology, physiology, and other biological fields for data analysis, hypothesis testing, and modeling.

tool

View all literature mentions

Fiji

Software package as distribution of ImageJ and ImageJ2 together with Java, Java3D and plugins organized into coherent menu structure. Used to assist research in life sciences.

tool

View all literature mentions

Stereo Investigator

Design-based stereology software - count cells and quantify lengths, areas, and volumes.

tool

View all literature mentions

IMOD

A free, cross-platform set of image processing, modeling and display programs used for tomographic reconstruction and for 3D reconstruction of EM serial sections and optical sections. The package contains tools for assembling and aligning data within multiple types and sizes of image stacks, viewing 3-D data from any orientation, and modeling and display of the image files. IMOD 4.1.8 Is Now Available for Linux, Windows, and Mac OS X

tool

View all literature mentions