Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

NBS1 Phosphorylation Status Dictates Repair Choice of Dysfunctional Telomeres.

Molecular cell | Mar 2, 2017

Telomeres employ TRF2 to protect chromosome ends from activating the DNA damage sensor MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 (MRN), thereby repressing ATM-dependent DNA damage checkpoint responses. How TRF2 prevents MRN activation at dysfunctional telomeres is unclear. Here, we show that the phosphorylation status of NBS1 determines the repair pathway choice of dysfunctional telomeres. The crystal structure of the TRF2-NBS1 complex at 3.0 Å resolution shows that the NBS1 429YQLSP433 motif interacts specifically with the TRF2TRFH domain. Phosphorylation of NBS1 serine 432 by CDK2 in S/G2 dissociates NBS1 from TRF2, promoting TRF2-Apollo/SNM1B complex formation and the protection of leading-strand telomeres. Classical-NHEJ-mediated repair of telomeres lacking TRF2 requires phosphorylated NBS1S432 to activate ATM, while interaction of de-phosphorylated NBS1S432 with TRF2 promotes alternative-NHEJ repair of telomeres lacking POT1-TPP1. Our work advances understanding of how the TRF2TRFH domain orchestrates telomere end protection and reveals how the phosphorylation status of the NBS1S432 dictates repair pathway choice of dysfunctional telomeres.

Pubmed ID: 28216226 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Aminopeptidases | Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Proteins | Binding Sites | Cell Cycle Proteins | Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2 | DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded | DNA End-Joining Repair | DNA Repair Enzymes | Dipeptidyl-Peptidases and Tripeptidyl-Peptidases | G1 Phase | G2 Phase | HCT116 Cells | Humans | Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins | Models, Molecular | Nuclear Proteins | Phosphorylation | Protein Binding | Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs | S Phase | Serine Proteases | Structure-Activity Relationship | Telomere | Telomere-Binding Proteins | Telomeric Repeat Binding Protein 2

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P30 CA016359
  • Agency: NIA NIH HHS, Id: R01 AG028888

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.


Phenix

A Python-based software suite for the automated determination of molecular structures using X-ray crystallography and other methods. Phenix includes programs for assessing data quality, experimental phasing, molecular replacement, model building, structure refinement, and validation. It also includes tools for reflection data and creating maps and models. Phenix can also be used for neutron crystallography. Tutorials and examples are available in the documentation tab.

tool

View all literature mentions

Coot

Software for macromolecular model building, model completion and validation, and protein modelling using X-ray data. Coot displays maps and models and allows model manipulations such as idealization, rigid-body fitting, ligand search, Ramachandran plots, non-crystallographic symmetry and more. Source code is available.

tool

View all literature mentions

Origin

Software application for data analysis and graphing. Origin contains a variety of different graph types, including statistical plots, 2D and 3D vector graphs, and counter graphs. More advance version is OriginPro which offers advanced analysis tools and Apps for Peak Fitting, Surface Fitting, Statistics and Signal Processing.

tool

View all literature mentions

Phaser

Crystallographic software which solves structures using algorithms and automated rapid search calculations to perform molecular replacement and experimental phasing methods.

tool

View all literature mentions

MetaMorph Microscopy Automation and Image Analysis Software

Software tool for automated microscope acquisition, device control, and image analysis. Used for integrating dissimilar fluorescent microscope hardware and peripherals into a single custom workstation, while providing all the tools needed to perform analysis of acquired images. Offers user friendly application modules for analysis such as cell signaling, cell counting, and protein expression.

tool

View all literature mentions

PRISM

Tool that predicts interactions between transcription factors and their regulated genes from binding motifs. Understanding vertebrate development requires unraveling the cis-regulatory architecture of gene regulation. PRISM provides accurate genome-wide computational predictions of transcription factor binding sites for the human and mouse genomes, and integrates the predictions with GREAT to provide functional biological context. Together, accurate computational binding site prediction and GREAT produce for each transcription factor: 1. putative binding sites, 2. putative target genes, 3. putative biological roles of the transcription factor, and 4. putative cis-regulatory elements through which the factor regulates each target in each functional role.

tool

View all literature mentions