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Impaired Amino Acid Transport at the Blood Brain Barrier Is a Cause of Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Cell | Dec 1, 2016

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of genetic disorders often overlapping with other neurological conditions. We previously described abnormalities in the branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolic pathway as a cause of ASD. Here, we show that the solute carrier transporter 7a5 (SLC7A5), a large neutral amino acid transporter localized at the blood brain barrier (BBB), has an essential role in maintaining normal levels of brain BCAAs. In mice, deletion of Slc7a5 from the endothelial cells of the BBB leads to atypical brain amino acid profile, abnormal mRNA translation, and severe neurological abnormalities. Furthermore, we identified several patients with autistic traits and motor delay carrying deleterious homozygous mutations in the SLC7A5 gene. Finally, we demonstrate that BCAA intracerebroventricular administration ameliorates abnormal behaviors in adult mutant mice. Our data elucidate a neurological syndrome defined by SLC7A5 mutations and support an essential role for the BCAA in human brain function.

Pubmed ID: 27912058 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Amino Acids | Animals | Autism Spectrum Disorder | Blood-Brain Barrier | Brain | Female | Humans | Infant | Infant, Newborn | Large Neutral Amino Acid-Transporter 1 | Male | Mice | Mice, Knockout | Mutation | Pedigree | Protein Biosynthesis | Receptor, TIE-2

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

  • Agency: NICHD NIH HHS, Id: P01 HD070494
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: R01 GM108911
  • Agency: NHGRI NIH HHS, Id: U54 HG006504
  • Agency: NHGRI NIH HHS, Id: UM1 HG008900

Mouse Genome Informatics (Data, Gene Annotation)

Antibody Registry (Reagent, Antibodies)

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