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Beta1-adrenergic receptor-mediated dilation of rat cerebral artery requires Shaker-type KV1 channels on PSD95 scaffold.

Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism | 2015

Postsynaptic density-95 (PSD95) is a scaffolding protein in cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells (cVSMCs), which binds to Shaker-type K(+) (KV1) channels and facilitates channel opening through phosphorylation by protein kinase A. β1-Adrenergic receptors (β1ARs) also have a binding motif for PSD95. Functional association of β1AR with KV1 channels through PSD95 may represent a novel vasodilator complex in cerebral arteries (CA). We explored whether a β1AR-PSD95-KV1 complex is a determinant of rat CA dilation. RT-PCR and western blots revealed expression of β1AR in CA. Isoproterenol induced a concentration-dependent dilation of isolated, pressurized rat CA that was blocked by the β1AR blocker CGP20712. Cranial window imaging of middle cerebral arterioles in situ showed isoproterenol- and norepinephrine-induced dilation that was blunted by β1AR blockade. Isoproterenol-induced hyperpolarization of cVSMCs in pressurized CA was blocked by CGP20712. Confocal images of cVSMCs immunostained with antibodies against β1AR and PSD95 indicated strong colocalization, and PSD95 co-immunoprecipitated with β1AR in CA lysate. Blockade of KV1 channels, β1AR or disruption of PSD95-KV1 interaction produced similar blunting of isoproterenol-induced dilation in pressurized CA. These findings suggest that PSD95 mediates a vasodilator complex with β1AR and KV1 channels in cVSMCs. This complex may be critical for proper vasodilation in rat CA.

Pubmed ID: 25966954 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Adrenergic beta-Antagonists | Animals | Cerebral Arteries | Imidazoles | Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins | Isoproterenol | Male | Membrane Proteins | Norepinephrine | Rats | Rats, Sprague-Dawley | Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-1 | Shaker Superfamily of Potassium Channels | Vasoconstrictor Agents | Vasodilation

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