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GABAergic projections from the medial septum selectively inhibit interneurons in the medial entorhinal cortex.

The medial septum (MS) is required for theta rhythmic oscillations and grid cell firing in the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC). While GABAergic, glutamatergic, and cholinergic neurons project from the MS to the MEC, their synaptic targets are unknown. To investigate whether MS neurons innervate specific layers and cell types in the MEC, we expressed channelrhodopsin-2 in mouse MS neurons and used patch-clamp recording in brain slices to determine the response to light activation of identified cells in the MEC. Following activation of MS axons, we observed fast monosynaptic GABAergic IPSPs in the majority (>60%) of fast-spiking (FS) and low-threshold-spiking (LTS) interneurons in all layers of the MEC, but in only 1.5% of nonstellate principal cells (NSPCs) and in no stellate cells. We also observed fast glutamatergic responses to MS activation in a minority (<5%) of NSPCs, FS, and LTS interneurons. During stimulation of MS inputs at theta frequency (10 Hz), the amplitude of GABAergic IPSPs was maintained, and spike output from LTS and FS interneurons was entrained at low (25-60 Hz) and high (60-180 Hz) gamma frequencies, respectively. By demonstrating cell type-specific targeting of the GABAergic projection from the MS to the MEC, our results support the idea that the MS controls theta frequency activity in the MEC through coordination of inhibitory circuits.

Pubmed ID: 25505326 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Entorhinal Cortex | GABAergic Neurons | Interneurons | Male | Membrane Potentials | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Neural Inhibition | Septal Nuclei

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Associated grants

  • Agency: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Id: BB/H020284/1
  • Agency: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Id: BB/L010496/1

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