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Ablation of ErbB4 from excitatory neurons leads to reduced dendritic spine density in mouse prefrontal cortex.

Dendritic spine loss is observed in many psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, and likely contributes to the altered sense of reality, disruption of working memory, and attention deficits that characterize these disorders. ErbB4, a member of the EGF family of receptor tyrosine kinases, is genetically associated with schizophrenia, suggesting that alterations in ErbB4 function contribute to the disease pathology. Additionally, ErbB4 functions in synaptic plasticity, leading us to hypothesize that disruption of ErbB4 signaling may affect dendritic spine development. We show that dendritic spine density is reduced in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex of ErbB4 conditional whole-brain knockout mice. We find that ErbB4 localizes to dendritic spines of excitatory neurons in cortical neuronal cultures and is present in synaptic plasma membrane preparations. Finally, we demonstrate that selective ablation of ErbB4 from excitatory neurons leads to a decrease in the proportion of mature spines and an overall reduction in dendritic spine density in the prefrontal cortex of weanling (P21) mice that persists at 2 months of age. These results suggest that ErbB4 signaling in excitatory pyramidal cells is critical for the proper formation and maintenance of dendritic spines in excitatory pyramidal cells.

Pubmed ID: 24752666 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Age Factors | Animals | Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 | Cell Fractionation | Cells, Cultured | Dendritic Spines | Gene Expression Regulation | Green Fluorescent Proteins | Guanylate Kinases | Membrane Proteins | Mice | Mice, Transgenic | Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 | Nestin | Neurons | Prefrontal Cortex | Receptor, ErbB-4 | Synapses | Transfection

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: NS39475
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: R01 CA133346
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: R01 GM100411
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: GM100411
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R01 NS039475
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: T32 MH014276
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R01 NS089662
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: T32 MH014276-38
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: CA133346

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NeuroMab

A national mouse monoclonal antibody generating resource for biochemical and immunohistochemical applications in mammalian brain. NeuroMabs are generated from mice immunized with synthetic and recombinant immunogens corresponding to components of the neuronal proteome as predicted from genomic and other large-scale cloning efforts. Comprehensive biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses of human, primate and non-primate mammalian brain are incorporated into the initial NeuroMab screening procedure. This yields a subset of mouse mAbs that are optimized for use in brain (i.e. NeuroMabs): for immunocytochemical-based imaging studies of protein localization in adult, developing and pathological brain samples, for biochemical analyses of subunit composition and post-translational modifications of native brain proteins, and for proteomic analyses of native brain protein networks. The NeuroMab facility was initially funded with a five-year U24 cooperative grant from NINDS and NIMH. The initial goal of the facility for this funding period is to generate a library of novel NeuroMabs against neuronal proteins, initially focusing on membrane proteins (receptors/channels/transporters), synaptic proteins, other neuronal signaling molecules, and proteins with established links to disease states. The scope of the facility was expanded with supplements from the NIH Blueprint for Neuroscience Research to include neurodevelopmental targets, the NIH Roadmap for Medical Research to include epigenetics targets, and NIH Office of Rare Diseases Research to include rare disease targets. These NeuroMabs will then be produced on a large scale and made available to the neuroscience research community on an inexpensive basis as tissue culture supernatants or purified immunoglobulin by Antibodies Inc. The UC Davis/NIH NeuroMab Facility makes NeuroMabs available directly to end users and is unable to accommodate sales to distributors for third party distribution. Note, NeuroMab antibodies are now offered through antibodiesinc.

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