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A Ca2+-dependent mechanism of neuronal survival mediated by the microtubule-associated protein p600.

In acute and chronic neurodegeneration, Ca(2+) mishandling and disruption of the cytoskeleton compromise neuronal integrity, yet abnormalities in the signaling roles of cytoskeletal proteins remain largely unexplored. We now report that the microtubule-associated protein p600 (also known as UBR4) promotes neuronal survival. Following depletion of p600, glutamate-induced Ca(2+) influx through NMDA receptors, but not AMPA receptors, initiates a degenerative process characterized by endoplasmic reticulum fragmentation and endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release via inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors. Downstream of NMDA receptors, p600 associates with the calmodulin·calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIα complex. A direct and atypical p600/calmodulin interaction is required for neuronal survival. Thus, p600 counteracts specific Ca(2+)-induced death pathways through regulation of Ca(2+) homeostasis and signaling.

Pubmed ID: 23861403 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Calcium | Calmodulin-Binding Proteins | Cell Survival | Cells, Cultured | Glutamic Acid | Microtubule-Associated Proteins | Nerve Tissue Proteins | Neurons | Rats | Receptors, AMPA | Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate | Signal Transduction

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