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CRTC2 is required for β-cell function and proliferation.

Endocrinology | Jul 24, 2013

Previous work in insulinoma cell lines has established that calcineurin plays a critical role in the activation of cAMP-responsive element binding protein (Creb), a key transcription factor required for β-cell function and survival, by dephosphorylating the Creb coactivator Creb-regulated transcription coactivator (Crtc)2 at 2 regulatory sites, Ser171 and Ser275. Here, we report that Crtc2 is essential both for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and cell survival in the β-cell. Endogenous Crtc2 activation is achieved via increasing glucose levels to the physiological feeding range, indicating that Crtc2 is a sensor that couples ambient glucose concentrations to Creb activity in the β-cell. Immunosuppressant drugs such as cyclosporin A and tacrolimus that target the protein phosphatase calcineurin are commonly administered after organ transplantation. Chronic use is associated with reduced insulin secretion and new onset diabetes, suggestive of pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. Importantly, we show that overexpression of a Crtc2 mutant rendered constitutively active by introduction of nonphosphorylatable alanine residues at Ser171 and Ser275 permits Creb target gene activation under conditions when calcineurin is inhibited. Taken together, these data suggest that promoting Crtc2-Creb activity is required for β-cell function and proliferation and promoting this pathway could ameliorate symptoms of new onset diabetes after transplantation.

Pubmed ID: 23677932 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Blotting, Western | Calcineurin | Cell Line | Cell Proliferation | Cyclic AMP | Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein | Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor | Glucose | Insulin-Secreting Cells | Male | Mice | Peptides | Phosphorylation | Polymerase Chain Reaction | Receptors, Glucagon | Tissue Culture Techniques | Transcription Factors | Venoms

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